reply to post by the siren
I think that, first, I'll go through the grammar, and then answer the question. I think it would make a little more sense then.
In English, there are basically types of sentences; active and passive.
An active sentence puts the emphasis on the thing doing the action rather than the action:
Tom builds a house
Tom built a house
A passive sentence puts the emphasis on the action (what's done) because the "actor" is either unknown, or unimportant:
A house is built
A house was built
In English, passive sentences are always formed using a form of to be
In English, there are two types of verbs; "regular" and "helper".
A regular verb can be used on it's own, because it has a concrete meaning, and they are the vast majority of verbs.
A helper verb can't really be used on it's own because it "has no meaning", for lack of a better phrase. They need to be paired with a more
concrete verb (run, write, jump, eat, walk, go, etc.) They, in general, help give a sentence meaning, clarity, emphasis and so forth. As I'm
thinking; must, ought to, can, will, must, need, may, shall, be, have, and do are all helper verbs (or in some cases can be).
I must write this paper.
→ "I must this paper", makes no sense
You may go to the movies.
→ "You may to the movies", really makes no sense.
This category of verbs can be broken down into two other groups, modal and auxiliary verbs. This isn't too important though because most of these
verbs can be put into both groups. The reason that there are two groups is because, depending on how you want to use the verb determines which group,
, it belongs in. (They
each have different functions.)
So, in Strong's definition for "haw-yaw'" when he says that this word, which means "to be" (since it's translated was), isn't used as a
he's saying this word isn't used to form passive sentences. So, "the darkness was upon the deep" isn't passive; the darkness
wasn't put there by someone else, it simply was there. (Some languages don't form passive with "to be" like in English. For example, German
forms a passive sentence with the verb that means "to become".)
When Strong says that the verb "haw-yaw'" isn't an auxiliary, he's saying that it isn't a helper verb. Or, in this case, we can assume that the
verb has a concrete meaning.
This verb, according to the definition, is always emphatic. That means, that this word is used to provide emphasis. I would think that this has
nothing to do with the emphatic voice in English (when we use "do" [I do speak English.]), just simply that it is probably understood to be
stressed. Something like, putting italics perhaps?
"...and the darkness was
upon the face of the deep."
I hope that that helps you some!