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German Army (Wehrmacht Heer) officers General Friedrich Olbricht and Major General Henning von Tresckow modified the plan [Wehrmacht's Operation Valkyrie (NCM)] with the intention of using it to take control of German cities, disarm the SS, and arrest the Nazi leadership once Hitler had been assassinated in the July 20 Plot. Hitler's death (as opposed to his arrest) was required to free German soldiers from their oath of loyalty to him (Reichswehreid). After lengthy preparation, the plot was carried out in 1944, but failed.