the term outsider art was coined by art critic Roger Cardinal in 1972 as an English synonym for art brut (French: [aʁ bʁyt], "raw art" or "rough
art"), a label created by French artist Jean Dubuffet to describe art created outside the boundaries of official culture; Dubuffet focused
particularly on art by insane-asylum inmates.
While Dubuffet's term is quite specific, the English term "outsider art" is often applied more broadly, to include certain self-taught or Naïve
art makers who were never institutionalized. Typically, those labeled as outsider artists have little or no contact with the mainstream art world or
art institutions. In many cases, their work is discovered only after their deaths. Often, outsider art illustrates extreme mental states,
unconventional ideas, or elaborate fantasy worlds.
Outsider art has emerged as a successful art marketing category (an annual Outsider Art Fair has taken place in New York since 1992). The term is
sometimes misapplied as a catch-all marketing label for art created by people outside the mainstream "art world," regardless of their circumstances
or the content of their work.
Lowbrow, or lowbrow art, describes an underground visual art movement that arose in the Los Angeles, California, area in the late 1970s. Lowbrow is
a widespread populist art movement with origins in the underground comix world, punk music, hot-rod street culture, and other subcultures. It is also
often known by the name pop surrealism. Lowbrow art often has a sense of humor - sometimes the humor is gleeful, sometimes impish, and sometimes it's
a sarcastic comment.
Most lowbrow artworks are paintings, but there are also toys, digital art, and sculpture.
antasy art is a genre of art that depicts magical or other supernatural themes, ideas, creatures or settings. While there is some overlap with science
fiction, horror and other speculative fiction art, there are unique elements not generally found in other forms of speculative fiction art. Depictions
of ancient myths and legends, as well as depictions of modern day fantasy in the form of divine interventions and other magical or supernatural
forces, are very common elements, and help distinguish fantasy art from other forms. Dragons, wizards, fairies and other fantastical and mythical
creatures are common features in fantasy art.
Fantasy art is strongly linked to fantasy fiction. Indeed fantasy art pieces are often intended to represent specific characters or scenes from works
of fantasy literature. Such works created by amateur artists may be called fanart.
There is a large subculture based around the creation of amateur fantasy art. This is largely centred around websites such as Elfwood. Such sites are
noticeably less male-dominated than some other pursuits related to the fantasy genre.
Fantasy art should not be confused with the fantastic art genre, which can contain fantastical elements that are not always considered "fantasy" per
Visionary art is art that purports to transcend the physical world and portray a wider vision of awareness including spiritual or mystical themes, or
is based in such experiences.
Both trained and self-taught (or outsider) artists have, and continue to create visionary works. Many visionary artists are actively engaged in
spiritual practices, and some have drawn inspiration from psychedelic experiences.
Walter Schurian, professor at the University of Munster, is quick to point out the difficulties in describing visionary art as if it were a discrete
genre, since "it is difficult to know where to start and where to stop. Recognized trends have all had their fantastic component, so demarcation is
apt to be fuzzy."
Despite this ambiguity, there does seem to be emerging some definition to what constitutes the contemporary visionary art 'scene' and which artists
can be considered especially influential. Contemporary visionary artists count Hieronymous Bosch, William Blake, Morris Graves (of the Pacific
Northwest School of Visionary Art), Emil Bisttram, and Gustave Moreau amongst their antecedents. Symbolism, Surrealism and Psychedelic art are also
direct precursors to contemporary visionary art.
A few good sites out there that may help you too in finding a good avatar are listed below, if you like these types.
( highly recommend )
Feel free to share your links or images! =)
[edit on 28-9-2009 by 4stral4pprentice]