posted on Sep, 6 2009 @ 04:12 PM
Most of the TV survival series that portray attempts at fishing have been complete failures. Don't let that fool you.
Fishing can be a quick, easy method to feed your group, or supplement your food supply. Even the weak or injured can pull in some meat in short
order. You don't really need special equipment or supplies.
Here are some very basic freshwater fishing tips.
Almost all ponds, creeks, streams, and lakes have 3 main fish types you should focus on if you're not an experienced fisherman. Each has their own
habits and habitat. Once you know them, you will be able to catch them.
A small, quick freshwater fish. Commonly grows to about 7" in length. This little fish is easy to catch, easy to fillet, and has a very mild fish
flavor (watch out for those tiny bones).
This fish likes to hang out in small schools near the shore, or near an underwater land formation. It is most commonly caught using a bobber and worm
in a couple feet of water.
If you don't have access to a fishing pole, just grab a 6-7' stick. Tie on a 10' string, and a hook. You can use a dry twig as a bobber. Just
enough to stay above water. You don't want a big stick for a bobber. Put the bobber between 8" and 15" above the hook (experiment with the depth
for your location). No sinker is required. Carefully move some rocks and old logs around to find worms or grubs. You only need a small 1/4" piece of
worm. Thread the worm on the hook. Don't wrap the worm and hook it multiple times or the fish will pull it off.
Early morning look for sunny areas.
Heat of the day look for shady areas, overhanging branches, under bridges, under docks.
Cool evening look for clear water areas.
Toss your line out a several feet into the water and very slowly (so you don't cause a ripple in the water) bring the bobber back to you. Stop every
foot or two for a minute. Most of the time if you're in the right location you will get a bite within a foot or two of the shore, (unless its only a
couple inches of water). Remember, this is a small fish, don't jerk the line too hard or you'll pull the hook out of its mouth. Their fins are
sharp, so slide your hand down from the mouth area, to the center of its body to de-hook.
Once you've found a location you get bites at, you can usually pull multiple bluegill in from that area. You can return again and again to the same
location. A batch of 6-10 can usually be caught in an hour or so, and will help feed 2 people without much effort.
These are the bottom feeders and loners. They can get as big as a man in rare cases. Most commonly the average person will catch them at a foot or so
in length. This larger fish is easy to catch but takes more patience and stronger equipment than catching bluegill. They can be caught both day and
night. They seem to find their food by "smell".
This fish is usually caught farther away from the edge of and in deeper water. They also like deep water drop offs and near edges of rock walls.
Catfish can be caught with worms, but mostly likes to eat dead things. A good technique is to cut the head off of a bluegill, put it on a hook, and
toss it out near the center of a pond or deep creek. In moving water a sinker is placed 10-12" above the hook to help keep the line from moving.
If you don't have a fishing pole use a heavy stick about 10' long. Tie on 15-20' of string, find a grooved stone about 1/2 Oz. for a sinker, more
in fast water, and tie on the hook. Bait with anything dead, bloody, or rotten. Use a golf ball sized piece of bait. The smellier the bait the
After casting, put the pole down against some brush with the tip off the ground pointing in the direction of the bait. Sit/squat within reach of the
pole but off to one side so you can see the tip of the pole and the line, and wait for the line to jerk. Be patient. Pull hard to set the hook, and
if you don't have a reel, walk quickly backward to pull in the fish. These fish have "spurs / horns" and will poke you with them, but the quantity
of fresh meat is worth the minor risk. The meat has a fishier taste, but its still quite good to eat.
These medium sized fish are harder to catch. They are more picky about what they eat, where the live, and who they hang out with.
They like to live alone in the grassy, weedy areas of water, and hide in shade or deeper water. Many times you have to put the bait right in front of
them before they will bite.
Bass are most commonly caught with live bait that makes the water move, but they can be caught with a bluegill rig and worm if you keep the worm
moving by pulling the bait in at medium speed while jerking a bit for realistic movement. It’s not the easy way though. Today fishermen use fake
bait, but in the wild there are several things you can use that they will go crazy for. Use small frogs, toads, lizards, locust, cicadas, flying
grasshoppers, crickets, minnows, etc. Generally, once you catch one, you won't catch another in that area, so just keep moving along the shore from
place to place, and constantly keep the bait moving. Most of the bass I've caught have been within about 4 feet of shore.
You will know when you have a bass hit the bait because they lunge at the bait, and churn the water. They will pull hard, and you will think you
have a serious fight on your hands. Great fun and they have a very mild fish taste.
Bass can be caught all day, but they seem to feed best early morning, lunch in the shade, and early evening before dusk. They seem to take breaks in
between. They don't seem to like real cloudy windy days. You will have lots of dry spells between catches but don't give up. You're not expending
much energy and you will get a good deal of meat in return.
That’s the basic basics of freshwater fishing without any fancy gear.
Know your fish habits and you will catch fresh meat quick and easy.
[edit on 9/6/09 by makeitso]