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Japan was given opportunities to surrender, but refused...
Truman ordered the bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki despite the fact that he and his top advisors were aware that the Japanese had abandoned hope for military victory and were seeking an end to the war.
As Colonel Charles “Tick” Bonesteel III, chief of the War Department Operations Division Policy Section, recalled: “the poor damn Japanese were putting feelers out by the ton so to speak, through Russia.”
OSS official Allen Dulles briefed Stimson on Japanese peace feelers at Potsdam. Dulles wrote in The Secret Surrender: “On July 20, 1945, under instructions from Washington, I went to the Potsdam Conference and reported there to Secretary Stimson on what I had learned from Tokyo--they desired to surrender if they could retain the Emperor and the constitution as a basis for maintaining discipline and order in Japan after the devastating news of surrender became known to the Japanese people.”
 That such indications of Japanese intentions were not lost on Truman and Byrnes is apparent not only in Truman’s July 18 diary entry referring to “the telegram from the Jap Emperor asking for peace“ but in the August 3 diary entry by Byrnes’s assistant Walter Brown, who recorded, “Aboard Augusta/ President, Leahy, JFB agrred [sic] Japas [sic] looking for peace.”
Truman also decided to issue the Potsdam Proclamation without Stalin’s signature, despite Stalin’s eagerness to sign and Truman’s understanding that Soviet entry into the war would deeply demoralize Japan and end Japan’s misguided hopes of securing better surrender terms through Soviet intercession. 
Top U.S. military leaders recognized Japan’s growing desperation, prompting several to later insist that the use of atomic bombs was not needed to secure victory. Those who believed that dropping atomic bombs on Japan was morally repugnant and/or militarily unnecessary included:
Admiral William Leahy,
General Dwight Eisenhower,
General Douglas MacArthur,
General Curtis LeMay,
General Henry Arnold,
Brigadier General Bonner Fellers,
Admiral Ernest King,
General Carl Spaatz,
Admiral Chester Nimitz, and
Admiral William “Bull” Halsey.
Herbert Hoover wrote to a friend on August 8, 1945, “The use of the atomic bomb, with its indiscriminate killing of women and children, revolts my soul.”
In reflecting on his opposition, Leahy, who chaired the meetings of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and served as Truman’s personal chief of staff, emphasized the barbaric nature of the atomic bombs, not doubts about their effectiveness, chillingly proclaiming, “It is my opinion that the use of this barbarous weapon at Hiroshima and Nagasaki was of no material assistance in our war against Japan. The Japanese were already defeated and ready to surrender....My own feeling was that in being the first to use it, we had adopted an ethical standard common to the barbarians of the Dark Ages.”
Eisenhower was equally appalled, writing in his 1963 Mandate for Change that when he learned from Stimson at Potsdam that use of the bomb was imminent,
“I voiced to him my grave misgivings, first on the basis of my belief that Japan was already defeated and that dropping the bomb was completely unnecessary, and secondly because I thought that our country should avoid shocking world opinion by the use of a weapon whose employment was, I thought, no longer mandatory as a measure to save American lives.
So, knowing the Japanese were looking for peace.
Knowing they would have surrender if they know the Soviets were going to join in the war.
Knowing the Soviets would sign the Potsdam Proclamation - but not allowing the signature (so not to be seen by the Japanese) Truman removed every possibility of a peaceful surrender.
Then dropped the bomb.
And dropped it again.
Originally posted by IntastellaBurst
I think the sad thing is .... Japan had already surrendered before the bombs were dropped. ... but the US wanted revenge for Pearl Harbour, ... as well as being able to test the new weapon on a population.
[edit on 7-8-2009 by IntastellaBurst]
marching down this path of insanity
Originally posted by Exuberant1
When the bomb finally Dropped, 'the Japs' had been thoroughly demonized for years (Dooper will remember them from his childhood):
Warning: The following photos may upset you Warning
Originally posted by visible_villain
Anyways, with all the evidence nowadays that Japan was strongly provoked into attacking Pearl Harbor, it just makes America's eventual use of atomic weapons on two of their major production centers all that much worse ...
And to think - I used to be proud of my country ...
Dont think for a second he didnt finish the job!
Originally posted by Ridhya
I would take a valiant death to a cowardly victory any day. I am sick of so many people on this site thinking they know what I am.
Originally posted by tamusan
reply to post by Jezus
Japan was TRYING to surrender AND keep some dignity...
I keep reading that in this thread. Where is the credible proof? I never heard that they were trying to surrender before the bombs. Russia was trying to get them to surrender. Japan was not begging to surrender, nir did they have any intention so far as I can tell. I've studied history from an American and Japanese point of view, and never heard of it. I also just asked my Japanese wife, and 2 Japanese exchange students who currently live with me. They never heard that the Japanese were trying to surrender before the bombs either.
It went like this:
Japan: No thanks
Japan: No thanks
Japan: YOU WIN!!!