I cannot believe I forgot this..lol
The five theories of motivation: Instinct Theory, Drive Reduction Theory, Arousal Theory, Psychoanalytic Theory, and Humanistic Theory.
According to the instinct theory we are all driven by biological needs to accomplish necessity. For Instance the spider weeves a web, not because it
has to, but because it is instinct. Its natural and is a necessity to survive.
Again with instinct motivation is rooted into our genes. For instance again with the spider. The spider has never seen a web, but it builds a web
because its in its genes and instincts. Much like a baby who cries, that is also instinct and motivation. Basically, the premise is that motivation
derives from instinct and therefore, derives from nature.
Drive Reduction Theory
Basically this theory consists of motivation in the biology of humans. However, this biology in humans is to reduce the pain and avoid pain at all
costs, basically to make us happy. Like hunger and thirst, do to motivation we will work to reduce these needs (tension) to achieve a internal balance
This theory is somewhat similar to the drive theory however, this thery states that we are not meant to reduce tension, but to have an equal amount of
calmness and tension, so that way motivation can be balanced in the need for self reliance and the need to avoid sociological seperation or
And yes this refers to Freud..lol.. As we all know he believed in life and death as awareness and the basic human drives. One is to ensure our
survival and the other is prevent our destruction. In this theory it suggest that motivation is purely psychological and not an instinct, but a
"time" type of thing. Like a time period type of way. For instance in today's world: We go to school to ensure our survival of finance and shelter,
as well to profit from this so that way future generations will be secure. Bascially, everything originates from the Eros and Thanatos, life and death
This theory is best explained by Maslows Hierarchy of Needs.
The Humanistic theory states that humans are driven to achieve their maximum potential and will always do so unless potential problems and issues
arise in their journey. These obstacles include hunger, thirst, financial problems, safety issues, or anything else that takes our focus away from
maximum psychological growth. Basically, in this, motivation is the need to reach the top of the pyramid, which is the ultimate goal and according to
Maslow, no one has yet to reach the top of the pyramid. But we are always striving for it or we should at least always strive for it.
Whew! I hope that helps a little bit.