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New police-style powers being given to civilians could create a third-tier police force, magistrates have warned.
Powers introduced in autumn 2008 mean over 1,400 people can issue penalty notices and instant fines for offences from dog fouling to public disorder.
The Magistrates' Association in England and Wales is concerned about bouncers and private security staff having access to the police database.
The Home Office says those using the powers have been vetted and trained.