Colony Collapse Disorder refers to an emergent syndrome among honeybees that drastically depopulates affected hives. Around March 2007, the dramatic
decline of honey bees began to be reported, primarily in North America and Europe. The reason for this honeybee morbidity is unclear. CCD is a very
poorly understood phenomenon, and while promising hypotheses exist there is, as yet, no expert consensus.
European beekeepers observed this in Belgium, France, the Netherlands, Greece, Italy, Portugal, Spain, Switzerland and Germany; there have also been
recent cases in Iran and Taiwan. It is nothing short of a pandemic, and when bees contribute nearly 80% of crop pollination, this does pose a rather
Symptoms of CCD are as follows:
- Complete absence of adult bees in colonies with little or no build-up of dead bees in or around the colonies.
- Presence of capped brood in colonies. Bees normally will not abandon a hive until the capped brood have all hatched.
- Presence of food stores, both honey and bee pollen:
i. which are not immediately robbed by other bees
ii. whose attack by hive pests such as wax moth and small hive beetle is noticeably delayed.
- Precursor symptoms that may arise before the final colony collapse are:
i. Insufficient workforce to maintain the brood that is present
ii. Workforce seems to be made up of young adult bees
iii. The Queen is present
iv. The colony members are reluctant to consume provided food such as sugar syrup and protein supplement.
As mentioned earlier, in addition to producing honey, honey bees contribute approximatly 80% of all pollination to many types of food crops.
Mystery Ailment Strikes Honeybees - washingtonpost.com,
Sunday, February 11, 2007
Asian Parasite Killing Western Bees - Scientist - Planet Ark, July 19,
As bees go missing, a $9.3B crisis lurks - By David Stipp,
Fortune/CNN Money, August 28, 2007
Relevant discussion threads on AboveTopSecret.com
Bees vanish- all life has 4 yrs to live on Earth