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The Vatican spokesman says Pope Benedict XVI has been taken to a hospital in northern Italy after slipping and falling during his vacation in the Alps
• A pope dies and is buried
• The cardinals come to Rome for the conclave that will elect the new pope. The word conclave (Latin, cum • clavis, literally, "locked with the key") designates:
. • The place in a locked section of the Vatican where the cardinals under the age of eighty elect a new pope.
. • The actual gathering of the cardinals.
• The conclave begins 15 to 20 days after the pope's death.
• The cardinals pray for the guidance of the Holy Spirit during a Mass
• The cardinals, sealed in the Sistine Chapel, vote every morning and afternoon.
• A two-thirds majority plus one is required for election for the first 30 ballots. After that, a simple majority is required.
• After each vote, they burn the ballots and add special chemicals to make the smoke white or black.
. • Black smoke means no new pope yet.
. • White smoke announces the election of a new pope.
• The cardinals may elect any baptized male they wish. There have been occasions in the past where they have elected a layman. After their election, the layman has to be ordained priest and bishop.
• They ask the one elected if he accepts. The moment he accepts, he is pope.
• The pope chooses his "Papal" name.
• Then the new pope is announced to the world.