The Book of Enoch is an extra-canonical book of the Bible purportedly written by the great-grandfather of Noah, Enoch. The book describes the fall of
200 angels from heaven and their interaction with mankind. As a Biblical figure Enoch has attracted excitement and speculation for centuries, due
particularly to Genesis 5:24, which states (King James Version): "And Enoch walked with God, and he was not: for God took him." This verse seems to
imply that Enoch did not die in the normal way, but was taken up bodily by God. Thus Enoch is considered a logical person to have witnessed hidden
things, which others, not abducted by God, have not been shown. Some even speculate that Enoch, taken alive to be with God, has never died.
3 Books of Enoch
There are 3 works entitled the Book of Enoch. This article deals with one also known as 1 Enoch, which is generally considered the only of the three
written before the time of Jesus. (2 Enoch being dated 1st Century AD, 3 Enoch being dated 5th or 6th Century AD)
1 Enoch consists of 5 sections:
- The Book of Watchers
- The Book of Parables
- The Book of Heavenly Luminaries (Or Astronomy)
- The Dream Visions
- The Epistle of Enoch
These sections may have been written independently at various dates in the 1st and 2nd centuries BC.
It is noteworthy that chapters 6-11 in the Book of Watchers, which are the chapters dealing with the fall of the angels, do not mention Enoch. Some
scholars believe for this reason that these chapters are the core of the book around which the rest was later added.
Chapter 1, verse 9 is quoted in the Epistle of Jude. From Jude:
And Enoch also, the seventh from Adam, prophesied of these [men], saying, Behold, the Lord cometh with ten thousands of his saints, To execute
judgment upon all, and to convince all that are ungodly among them of all their ungodly deeds which they have ungodly committed, and of all their hard
speeches which ungodly sinners have spoken against him.
And behold! He cometh with ten thousands of His holy ones To execute judgement upon all, And to destroy all the ungodly: And to convict all flesh Of
all the works of their ungodliness which they have ungodly committed, And of all the hard things which ungodly sinners have spoken against Him.
Several leaders of the early Christian church knew of the book as well.
It was however considered a lost work for much of history. In AD 90 the Sanhedrin struck it from the Hebrew scriptures. The Council of Laodicea struck
it from the Christian canon in 364 (Jude almost went with it because of the quote) and the Greek text was lost.
Ethiopian texts were discovered 1773, and translated several times. A popular translation by RH Charles in 1906 is available online and linked
The historicity of the book has been confirmed by the discovery of fragments at Qumran. Fragments of every section except for Parables were found in
Cave 4. Additional fragments from Chapter 103 (Epistle of Enoch) were found in Cave 7.
The Book of Watchers
The Book of Watchers describes the pact made between 200 angels of a choir called grigori or Watchers to rebel against God by having offspring with
humans and teaching them secrets of technology.
According to 1 Enoch chapter 7, the Watchers decended to Earth at Mt. Hermon, which is in the Golan Heights between Israel and Lebanon and each took
one human wife. Their offspring, the Nephilim, were said to each be 3,000 Ells tall (between 18 inches and 45 inches, which would make a Nephilim
between 4,500 and 11,250 feet tall, or between .85 and 2.13 miles tall). It seems safe to assume that this measurement is a corruption.
Meanwhile, the leaders of the Watchers taught men many arts. Azazel taught metallurgy, weaponsmithing, and cosmetics. Semjaza taught enchantments and
root-cutting (of plants). Armaros taught the resolving of enchantments. Baraquiel taught astrology. Araquiel taught the signs of the Earth. Kokabiel
taught constellations. Ezequiel taught the reading of clouds (weather?).
When the Archangels, Uriel, Raphael, Michael, and Gabriel saw the violence the Watchers had brought, they went to God, who apparently hadn't done
anything yet, and asked for orders.
God instructed Raphael to bind Azazel hand and foot, and bury him beneath jagged rocks in the desert of Dudael, which is not identified.
Gabriel was ordered to instigate wars among the Nephilim and cause them to kill each other off.
Michael was ordered to bind the remaining Watchers and hide them in the "valleys of the Earth" for seventy generations, until judgement day.
Uriel was ordered to go to Noah and warn him that the flood was coming to destroy the Earth.
Text of the Book of Enoch
Book of Enoch - Separated into Chapters (Charles translation)
The Book of Enoch the Prophet (Laurence translation)