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If you could find water on the moon...
...you would need to filter it and recycle it incase water became scarce.
You would need to find some way of transporting large amounts of oxygen to the moon unless you could use plants to create oxygen but how many would you need to do that.
As for sunlight, there is only 27 actual days of sunlight on the moon but that’s not enough to grow crops so alternative method is required
The weather conflict: Temperatures on the Moon are both hotter and colder than those on Earth. In other words, the temperature range is more extreme! The temperature of the moon in the sun is 100 degrees Celsius and temperatures reach a low of -173 degrees Celsius.
Energy: since there is only 27 days of light the thought of solar power is out of the question.
...nuclear or fusion energy...
Attacks and asteroids: Now you will need to find a way of creating a way to keep unwanted things, creatures or aliens out of your entry hatch you will also need to create something to stop incoming asteroids and debris from destroying your point of entry and any vehicles or transportation thus killing everyone.
I would also set up computers and servers to run security surveillance inside and outside of the facility running 24 hours a day so if something was outside you could see what it was and also watch the people in your facility.
-if anyone has anything to add feel free
Originally posted by texasoutlaw
As for sunlight, there is only 27 actual days of sunlight on the moon but that’s not enough to grow crops so alternative method is required.
Malapert mountain: Gateway to the moon
The long lunar nights at the equatorial and mid-latitude regions of the Moon place severe limitations on the solar power and thermal management requirements of an unmanned lunar base. A solution to this problem is to locate sunlight-dependent facilities in polar regions where nights can be very short due to chance interactions of lunar topography and orbital mechanics.
Based on analyses of Clementine and Earth-based radar imaging of the Moon, the authors conclude that the summit of Malapert Mountain near the South Pole has the best combination of factors for a sunlight-dependent lunar base. Using a commercial software product, they determined that the Mountain summit receives full or partial sunlight for 93% of the lunar year and always has the Earth in view for direct Earth-Moon communications. By exploiting these optimum conditions, a remotely operated base at the summit could coordinate the scientific exploration of the entire south polar region.
The base could also expedite the development of a permanent utility infrastructure and facilities for human settlement. The authors conclude that the fortuitous and highly advantageous combination of physical factors of Malapert Mountain makes it the optimum site for beginning the human exploration and settlement of the Moon.
Spaceflight Radiation Health Program at JSC
During the Apollo lunar missions, astronauts traversed through the trapped radiation belts into the unprotected realm of free space outside the geomagnetosphere. These excursions into cislunar space placed the astronauts at risk of receiving life threatening radiation exposures if a large SPE were to occur. Fortunately, no major solar proton events occurred during these missions.
Radiation Hazards to Humans
Intense solar flares release very-high-energy particles that can be as injurious to humans as the low-energy radiation from nuclear blasts. Earth's atmosphere and magnetosphere allow adequate protection for us on the ground, but astronauts in space are subject to potentially lethal dosages of radiation. The penetration of high-energy particles into living cells, measured as radiation dose, leads to chromosome damage and, potentially, cancer. Large doses can be fatal immediately. Solar protons with energies greater than 30 MeV are particularly hazardous. In October 1989, the Sun produced enough energetic particles that an astronaut on the Moon, wearing only a space suit and caught out in the brunt of the storm, would probably have died."
Earth's magnetic field could help protect astronauts working on the moon
"The problem is that we can't predict when this activity (solar storms) is going to take place so we can't warn astronauts to take shelter, so they could be vulnerable when the Moon is outside the magnetosphere," Harnett said. "The particles travel near the speed of light, so when we see them generated on the sun's surface they will arrive in a few minutes and there is little time to react."
Japan Dreams of Robot Moon Base in 2025
TOKYO -- Japan wants to help build a lunar base and populate it with advanced versions of today's humanoid robots by around 2025, according to the head of the nation's space agency.
. . .
As part of the plan, Japan would use advanced robotic technologies to help build the moon base, while redeveloped versions of today's humanoid robots, such as Honda Motor's Asimo and Sony's Qrio, could work in the moon's inhospitable environment in place of astronauts, he said in a recent interview.
Japan's lunar robots would do work such as building telescopes and prospecting and mining for minerals, Tachikawa said.
Lunar Station Protection: Lunar Regolith Shielding
A shield to protect against radiation exposure in a lunar habitat must reduce crew exposure levels from lunar radiation sources (GCR & Solar) to acceptable levels.
. . .
In addition, heavy nuclei GCR particles are stopped by ~10 centimeters of regolith while all other GCR (GeV) particles are stopped by 1000g/cm3 of material which equates to 5 meters of lunar regolith
A shield to protect against the extreme thermal variations on the lunar surface must maintain the lunar habitat structure at a relatively constant and reasonable temperature
. . .
Therefore a regolith shield of
Can high-tech cavemen live on the Moon?
He says erecting pressurised tents inside a cave would be easier and faster than trying to construct a rigid structure on the surface. "Instead of assembling structures that have to be meteorite-proof on the surface, or burying them, you'd have tent-like structures inside these tubes," Mardon told New Scientist. "It's like being cavemen on the Moon."
"It's a potentially very inviting place to put infrastructure," agrees Mark Robinson of Northwestern University in Evanston, Illinois, US. He says sections of the lava tubes with roofs still intact appear to be very stable, having survived for 3 billion years or more since their formation.
But he points out that the lava tubes may not be located where NASA would like to send astronauts. For example, the polar regions - which may harbour water ice that could be used to support a lunar base - appear to bear no sign of the ancient lava flows associated with lava tubes.
Managing Space Radiation Risk in the New Era of Space Exploration (2008)
Finding 2-4. Space radiation climate. Ice-core studies indicate that the past ~50 years may have coincided with a comparatively benign space radiation climate, in terms of both GCR modulation levels and the frequency of very large SPE events. Of particular concern is the possibility of a six- to eightfold increase in the number of very large SPE events, perhaps starting within the next decade. If such an increase were to occur, it would have a major impact on the design and operation of Exploration systems.
Race to the Moon for Nuclear Fuel
Nestled among the agency's 200-point mission goals is a proposal to mine the moon for fuel used in fusion reactors -- futuristic power plants that have been demonstrated in proof-of-concept but are likely decades away from commercial deployment. Helium-3 is considered a safe, environmentally friendly fuel candidate for these generators, and while it is scarce on Earth it is plentiful on the moon.
. . . .
While still theoretical, nuclear fusion is touted as a safer, more sustainable way to generate nuclear energy: Fusion plants produce much less radioactive waste, especially if powered by helium-3. But experts say commercial-sized fusion reactors are at least 50 years away.
The isotope is extremely rare on Earth but abundant on the moon. Some experts estimate there a millions of tons in lunar soil -- and that a single Space-Shuttle load would power the entire United States for a year.
NASA's Icy-Hot Rocket Engine
Rocket engines don't get much cooler than this. The Common Extensible Cryogenic Engine being developed for NASA burns a mixture of liquid oxygen (-297 degrees Fahrenheit) and liquid hydrogen (-423 degrees). Though the fuels are frosty, upon ignition they generate scorching steam (5,000 degrees) and plenty of thrust: Hydrogen is 40 percent more efficient than other propellants. But because the icy H is pumping through the entire system, the engine nozzle remains cold. As the hot steam condenses on the edges, it refreezes and forms icicles.
The US space agency plans to use the technology when astronauts return to the moon around 2020. "When we go back this time," says Tony Kim, who manages deep-throttling engine development for NASA, "we plan to stay awhile." In addition to the crew vehicle, cryogenic tech will power a 60,000-pound cargo lander that will bring down materials for a base, a pressurized lunar rover, and, of course, a whole lot of Tang.
Déjà Poo: The Living Machine Sewage System
Picture the lobby atrium of a new, green building, one filled with leafy plants and trees. Now imagine that those trees are growing in waste collected from the building's toilets.
If that idea has the whiff of failure about it, well, sniff again. Increasingly, building designers are managing sewage in-house—really in-house. The Port of Portland, for example, is integrating waste management into the lobby of its new headquarters under construction. The Living Machine uses soil and bacteria to filter out pathogens, essentially turning wastewater into nonpotable water. But the signature element of the system is the plant life that grows up and out of it—right into the lobby. "It's going to provide a kind of greenhouse feel," says Greg Sparks, engineering design manager for the port. "It'll soften the hard edges of the typical office building."
Everybody likes trees, but (aesthetics aside) sending poop from the bathroom to the lobby may seem sort of icky. In environmental terms, though, it's a solid choice. Just as photovoltaics can help take a building off the power grid, living machines take strain off the pipes and municipal wastewater facilities on the "sewage grid." They also show that being green means thinking more creatively about our brown and yellow.