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The president called the camp where an estimated 56,000 people died the "ultimate rebuke" to Holocaust deniers and skeptics. And he bluntly challenged one of them, Iranian President Ahmadinejad, to visit Buchenwald.
• About 250,000 prisoners were held at Buchenwald from its opening in July 1937 to its liberation in April 1945. An estimated 56,000 people died, including 11,000 Jews.
• Buchenwald was originally intended to house a variety of groups, including people in the anti-Nazi resistance, Jehovah's Witnesses, homosexuals and ex-convicts. But after the anti-Jewish pogrom on Nov. 9, 1938, known as "Kristallnacht" or The Night of Broken Glass, the camp also was used to hold thousands of Jews.
• After the war, from 1945 to 1950, occupying Soviet forces used the camp to hold political prisoners.
• Approximately 6 million Jews perished during the Holocaust.