posted on Jun, 29 2009 @ 04:14 PM
The main problem with finding 'codes' in the TaNaK (the so-called Old Testament, aka the post Jamnia Hebrew Bible, from the three Hebreew words
(Instruction, Prophets, Writings) aka T[orah], Ne[biim] & K[etuvim] which was not decided upon by Rebbes until around the time of R. Akiba during the
2nd failed revolt of Judaea against Rome in 136-137 CE) that prior to the Council of Javneh (90CE) after the 2nd Herodian Temple was destroyed (AD 70
during the 1st Failed Jewish Revolt Against Rome, CE 66-72) is that:
There existed at LEAST (4) different versions of the Torah and several different versions of other books e.g. Jeremiah or Psalms etc.
l. The Hebrew Vorlage to the Greek OT (i.e. the older un-pointed/unvowelled Hebrew UnderLay of the Greek Septuagint Old Testament aka: the LXX, of
which Origen lists 4 main versions (e.g. Aquila, Symmachus, LXX majority & Theodotion etc.) whose confused texts are the basis for Jerome's 5th
century Latin Vulgate Roman Catholic version of the OT today) the Heb underlay to dating from from BCE 350.
2. The Samaritan Pentateuch (from around 400BCE) of the 1st 5 books which differ from the LXX and the MT (see #4 below) by sometimes as much as 17%
in places if you compare letter by letter.
3. The Dead Sea Scrolls ancient hand copies of Old Testament books from BCE 350 to CE 68) which differ from the current version (# 4 below) by as much
as 27% in places if you count letter by letter (all the OT is represented except Esther) and the original older Caves 1-11 also included several dozen
extra books not part of modern Jewish Old Testament writing e.g. The Scroll of the Book of the Testaments of the 12 Patriarchs, and the Words of
Henoch, The Wisdom of Yehoshua Ben Sirach (aka Ecclesiasticus) from the year BCE 190, copied in both Greek and late Hebrew
4. The Masoretic Vowels Added (MT) Text from tLeningrad from 960CE, 1000 years younger (later) than the Dead Sea scrolls, which Jews and Protestants
call the Old Testament today.
Added to that, prior to c. AD 138 there was no firm agreed -upon number of Sacred Books for the Jews ('scrolls which defiled the hands') in the
so-called old testament canon literature which Jews and Protestants read today Masoretic Text of 980CE--the 11 Caves at Qumran (the earliest of the
Dead Sea Scrolls) sealed in June 68CE were a timecapsule preserving pre-90 CE Javneh decision of what OT books to inlcude & what versions of each
book...Hillel II who ran the council was from Babylon so his proto Masoretic Version won out. But we see 2 copies of the Great Isaiah Scroll (one in
Proto- Masoretic version close to the one Jews use today, and the other (Isaiah B) closer to the Vorlage Underlay to the LXX-Greek OT version of BCE
200. In Wadi Muraba'at and other sites around Qumran (all post Javneh from c. 135-138CE during the 2nd Revolt) conformed more to the later MT ---but
the MT does NOT confirm to the Time Capsule texts of the Cave 1-11 Dead Sea Scrollsdated fm BCE 350 to CE 68)
Among Caves 1-11 of the Dead Sea Scrolls we have several copies in unpointed (un-vowelled) Hebrew of the Book of Jeremiah which differs line by line
from the vowelled Masoretic (MT) version by 38% when compared & 13 chapters missing (these chapters are found ONLY in the MT --in later Heb than
Baruch/Jeremiah i.e. BCE 560).
So...before looking for Codes, you have the problem of:
l. What actual books do you include in the OT (do we use Pre or Post Javneh council numbers i.e. pre 90CE or post90CE lists)?
2. What VERSION of each of the later Javneh agreed upon books do you use to establish your code? The SamPent Version (of the Torah)? The MT text of
980CE from the Leningrad Codex? The Dead Sea Scrolls often 2 or 3 versions are copied side by side contradicting themselves by as much as 20% ? The
Heb.Underlay to the Greek OT found in Caves 1-11?
Without a Firm Set Single Text Version of the OT, one cannot hope to derive a Single 'comprehensible' Code !!!