IMHO very interesting questions, here are my humble attempts to respond.
1. Why would someone lie about an encounter or sighting or abduction? Is the 15 minutes of fame worth it?
To lie, is to deliberately decieve. So you are asking why someone would intentionally fabricate a sighting or encounter? I have asked myself this very
same question, and in most cases it isn't the notoriety essentially, I would imagine it is their own perceived ability to receive some material gain
from their story. The other reason I imagine would be for these people to be esteemed within a small subset of society - the ufology world, and even
smaller group of believers or followers that might feed their self-perception of being 'special' or 'different'.
2. What is the pyschological profile of a someone who would lie about such a thing?
For someone who is deliberately deceptive, who is hoaxing or lying for their own ends:
"The successful con artist is generally suave, smooth, smart, accomplished and sophisticated. He doesn't have to resort to violence like a gangster.
Con artists consider themselves to be the princes of the criminal fraternity - a cut above the other criminals on the street. In fact, he does not
consider himself to be a criminal at all. Profile of A Con Artist
3. How is it that certain people or groups of people pass lie detectors or appear to be telling the truth or even believe that they are telling the
"The dirty little secret behind the polygraph is that the "test" depends on trickery, not science. The person being "tested" is not supposed to
know that while the polygraph operator declares that all questions must be answered truthfully, warning that the slightest hint of deception will be
detected, he secretly assumes that denials in response to certain questions -- called "control" questions -- will be less than truthful. An example
of a commonly used control question is, "Did you ever lie to get out of trouble?" The polygrapher steers the examinee into a denial by warning, for
example, that anyone who would do so is the same kind of person who would commit the kind of behavior that is under investigation and then lie about
it. But secretly, it is assumed that everyone has lied to get out of trouble.
The simplistic methodology used in polygraph testing has no grounding in the scientific method: it is no more scientific than astrology or tarot
cards. Government agencies value it because people who don't realize it's a fraud sometimes make damaging admissions. But as a result of reliance on
this voodoo science, the truthful are often falsely branded as liars while the deceptive pass through." How To Pass a
What is the pyschology behind people believing they saw something?
4. What is the psycology involved in people believing they saw something even if they did not?
- My uneducated guess would be, that they saw something.
Even if they did not?
It's kind of a catch 22; how could you see something you did not see? Or perhaps how could you believe you have seen
something you did not see?
Perhaps the real question is why would someone believe they have seen something when there was nothing there at all?
Hallucinations, possibly for a variety of reasons. Psychiatric, drug-induced or alcohol related, or perhaps just a misidentification of something
mundane or terrestrial.
5. Why would someone dismiss offhand without any research into an account a person who is seemingly telling the truth?
Why would someone chose to do anything or not do anything? It is entirely related to who people are themselves, and what interests them. This is quite
a grossly generalised question, begging your pardon.