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In Mexico City, Mayor Marcelo Ebrard said the swine flu outbreak in city seems to be stabilizing and if the death toll keeps tapering off, he says he will consider easing the citywide shutdown. Ebrard has closed down virtually all aspects of public life at the epicenter of the epidemic, at tremendous cost to the economy.
Originally posted by worldwatcher
Level 6 would probably mean all non essential business/industry will stop for a period of time, we'll probably see people all over the world wearing masks and gloves, store shelves might be bare due to certain imports or transportation holdups.. oh and schools would probably be closed..
World Health Organization: An agency of the United Nations established in 1948 to further international cooperation... is financed primarily from annual contributions made by member governments on the basis of relative ability to pay
This is not a plan. These guidelines are intended to provide direction and resources to local officials during the planning and implementation phases of a pandemic emergency, while remaining general enough to allow for flexibility at the local level.
Social distancing is defined to include measures that increase the distance between individuals. These interventions can be applied to individuals, large groups or an entire community or region. They are designed to reduce personal interactions and thereby the risk of disease transmission. Some options include:
• Canceling events (concerts, movie theaters, etc.).
• Canceling school classes and events.
• Canceling church services and activities.
• Shutting down or limiting mass transit.
• Declaring “snow days”, asking everyone to stay home and closing “non-essential” businesses, schools, churches etc. “Non-essential” means those facilities that do not maintain primary functions in the community.
Social distancing would be implemented during a health emergency when extraordinary measures are required to control the spread of disease or infection.Be aware that state and federal laws may be modified, suspended or enacted in response to a pandemic.
The following assumptions are provided as a basis for planning for social distancing in the event of a pandemic. These assumptions are specific to influenza pandemic and are not universal to all emergencies.
• Officials and experts do not know how long a pandemic could last. Communities may be affected in waves that last between six and eight weeks that may continue for up to 18 months.
• State and federal laws may be modified, suspended or enacted in response to a pandemic.
• Healthcare resources will likely be stretched beyond capacity.
• Up to 40% of your workforce may be absent at one time.
• Social and economic disruption is likely.
• If infected, people may be ill for approximately two weeks.
• Susceptibility to the outbreak is universal.
H1N1 Flu Outbreak Update
H1N1 Flu Outbreak - USA
The H1N1 Flu outbreak continues to grow in the United States and internationally. Tuesday, April 28 the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) reported 64 confirmed cases of H1N1 Flu in the U.S.: California (10); Texas (6); New York (45); Kansas (2); and Ohio (1). An additional 62 probable cases are being tested: Texas (23); New York (12); Ohio (13); Massachusetts (2); Michigan (1); Indiana (1); New Jersey (5); Nevada (1); New Hampshire (1); Arizona (2) and Illinois (1). Most confirmed and suspected cases of H1N1 Flu in the U.S. remain relatively mild. The CDC has not confirmed any deaths related to H1N1 in the U.S.
The Pan American Health Organization / World Health Organization (PAHO/WHO) pandemic alert level remains at Phase 4. Phase 4 indicates that the likelihood of a pandemic has increased. On Sunday, April 26, the Acting Secretary of Health and Human Services (HHS) declared a Public Health Emergency (PHE) in the United States as a matter of preparedness in response to the current situation. The DHS Office of Health Affairs is working with other Federal Partners to issue an Emergency Medical Service (EMS) and 9-1-1 specific guidance document to the nation's first responders.
One quarter of the Strategic National Stockpile of anti-viral medications, personal protective equipment, and respiratory protection devices is being released to the states. Anti-virals are being deployed to New York City, Kansas, New York, California, Los Angeles County, Texas, Indiana, Ohio, Louisiana, Utah and Arizona. Shipments to Colorado, Florida, Nevada, Oregon, Vermont, and Washington DC began Tuesday, April 28. Because it is so new, there is no vaccine against A/H1N1 Flu, and this past year's flu vaccine does not provide protection against this strain. The CDC is taking initial steps to begin the development of a vaccine, but a decision to do so has not been made yet. Once development begins it will take 4-6 months for a vaccine to become available.
H1N1 Flu Outbreak - International
The Director-General of WHO determined the current events constitute a public health emergency of international concern, and recommended all countries intensify surveillance for unusual outbreaks of influenza-like illness and severe pneumonia. (WHO Director-General Dr Margaret Chan, April 25, 2009) Tuesday, April 28 the CDC reported there were 48 laboratory-confirmed cases of H1N1 Flu outside of the U.S.: Mexico (26); Canada (13); Spain (2); New Zealand (3); Israel (2); and the United Kingdom (2). CDC reports 7 confirmed deaths in Mexico. An additional 190+ probable cases are being tested for H1N1 Flu in Mexico (172+); Guatemala (3); Kenya (4); New Zealand (10); and Russia (1). The Mexican Ministry of Health requested U.S. assistance with anti-viral medications and personal protective equipment. CDC experts in Mexico are working with Embassy, Mexico City, and local officials to clarify Mexico's specific requirements. The Government of Mexico has closed schools and suspended all public events.
H1N1 Flu Outbreak - FEMA Response
Leadership is monitoring the current situation and participating in conferences and planning sessions to anticipate and respond to the anticipated needs of State and local agencies. DHS Office of Health Affairs is engaged in providing DHS personnel with protective measures. FEMA NRCC is maintaining contact with FEMA Regions, DHS, HHS/CDC, and other Federal and state partners. Select Regions are standing by or have activated personnel in response to the Department of Health and Human Services nationwide Public Health Emergency Declaration:
Region I RRCC is coordinating with the New England States, HHS/CDC and Federal and State partners to determine potential requirements. All States in the Region have a heightened awareness and are fully engaged in preparations should the outbreak enter New England. New Hampshire, Rhode Island and Vermont EOCs are activated at Level II. Partial activation.
Region II RRCC increased their Watch staff and remains at a heighted watch status. A Region II LNO is deployed to the NYC OEM.
Region IV is currently at Level III (Partial Activation) in response to the Public Health Emergency.
Region V is coordinating with the activated EOCs of Indiana, Michigan, and Ohio to monitor and assist with the H1N1 response. Anti-virals and PPE has been deployed to Indiana and Ohio. Ohio currently has 1 confirmed case of H1N1 flu and Indiana has 1 probable case.
Region IX is working with state and county EOCs in response to the H1N1 Flu outbreak. Governor of California declared a State of Emergency on April 28 to strengthen response capabilities and limit the spread of the outbreak.
Region X RRCC Regional Support Team (RST) and Emergency Support Functions (ESF) are on standby.
Travel Considerations related to H1N1 Flu Outbreak
The United States Embassy in Mexico suspended all visa and non-emergency American citizen services from April 27 - 30, 2009. CDC issued a Traveler's Health Alert Notice and a Traveler's Health Warning, which recommends against nonessential travel to Mexico. PAHO/WHO does not recommend travel restrictions at this time. (HHS SOC April 28, DHS Leadership Brief April 28, 6:00 p.m. EDT; CDC Update April 28, 9:00 p.m. EDT; PAHO/WHO Update on Swine Influenza April 28, 2009, FEMA DSAR April 28)