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A New Haven County resident in their 40's infected with the swine flu has died after a recent hospitalization. The individual had underlying medical conditions.
This is the sixth swine flu death in the state.
A total of 824 Connecticut residents are reported to have swine flu -- 36 of those have been hospitalized.
84-Year-Old Man Died On June 18BOSTON (WBZ)
Tests confirmed that an elderly man who died on June 18, was infected with the H1N1 virus, according to the Boston Public Health Commission. The 84-year-old's death marks the second fatal case of the disease in Massachusetts.
"It is with great sadness that we have learned today of the death of a Boston resident from illness associated with H1N1. We extend our deepest sympathy to this person's family and friends,'' said Barbara Ferrer, executive director of the Boston Public Health Commission.
"While most cases of H1N1 in Boston and nationwide have been less severe, this news demonstrates how serious influenza can be," Ferrer said.
The patient was hospitalized on June 12 and died six days later. Today, his tests results came back positive for the H1N1 virus. The patient had several serious underlying health conditions that placed him at high risk of complications from the flu.
The victim is a 30-year-old woman from Boston. She got sick on June 5 and was hospitalized on June 10.
She died on June 14.
The details behind the woman's death are not known. It is unclear if the woman had another medical issue when she was diagnosed with H1N1, also known as swine flu.
Health officials said the vast majority of people who are diagnosed with H1N1 usually recovery from the illness, but there are some groups that are at a higher risk of complications, including children under the age of 2, adults over the age of 65, pregnant people and people with chronic conditions.
As of Friday, June 26, there were 474 confirmed cases of H1N1 flu in Boston and 70 hospitalizations.
In Massachusetts, there were 1287 confirmed cases and 134 hospitalizations as of Thursday, June 25. By contrast, seasonal influenza causes 250,000 hospitalizations and 36,000 deaths each year nationwide.
TRAVIS COUNTY - A 49-year-old man from Pflugerville has died from the H1N1 influenza A virus (Swine Flu). The Austin/Travis County Health and Human Services Department reports that this is the first death related to the virus in Travis County. No other details have been released at this time.
As of Friday, June 26, there were 113 confirmed cases and 1 probable case of H1N1 Influenza identified in Travis County. There are 2,982 confirmed and probable cases and 13 deaths have been reported in 95 counties.
"Given the fact that several deaths in Texas and hundreds globally have occurred due to this illness - this is not an unexpected event. We continue to coordinate with local, state and national partners to monitor the spread of this ilness," said Dr. Phil Huang, Medical Director for Austin/Travis County Health and Human Services.
A third death in Suffolk County has been linked to swine flu, the county Health Department announced Monday.
The victim, a man from the Town of Babylon between the ages of 65 and 75, had "a serious underlying medical condition," Suffolk Health Commissioner Dr. Humayun Chaudhry said in a news release.
The man, who died Monday, had been hospitalized since early June with "multiple medical problems," Chaudhry said.
The state Department of Health confirmed the man had H1N1 earlier this month.
SAN JOSE, June 29 (Xinhua) -- Costa Rican Health Ministry on Monday confirmed the second death of the A/H1N1 flu in the country.
A 36-year-old woman died in hospital with complication from high blood pressure and lung problems.
ATLANTA — In a startling measure of just how widely a new disease can spread, researchers found that more than 2.3 million people flew from Mexico to more than 1,000 cities worldwide in March and April as the novel H1N1 influenza (swine flu) epidemic was unfolding.
Passengers traveled to 164 countries, but four out of five of those went to the United States. That fits with the pattern of the epidemic, say researchers reporting their findings Monday in the New England Journal of Medicine.
The research shows promise in forecasting how a new contagion might unfold, indicated one government health official who praised the work.
"We share a common interest in this issue: If we map the global airline distribution network, can we anticipate, once a virus emerges, where it is likely to show up next?" asked Dr. Martin Cetron of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. He leads CDC's division of global migration and quarantine.
The new swine flu virus was first reported in the United States in mid-April, but the first large outbreak was in Mexico at about the same time. Health officials believe cases of the new virus were circulating in Mexico in March.
Scientists have long assumed a relationship between air travel and spread of the virus. But the new research for the first time confirmed the relationship, said Dr. Kamran Khan, who led the study. He is a researcher at St. Michael's Hospital in Toronto.
For years, Khan and his colleagues have been working on a system to use air travel information quickly to determine how a new contagion is likely to spread around the world.
Their data sources include the International Air Transport Association, an international trade association representing 230 airlines and the vast majority of scheduled international air traffic.
The study showed the majority of passengers flew to the United States, with Canada a distant second and France a more distant third.
More than 90 percent of the time, Khan and his colleagues accurately matched air traffic volumes to which countries did and did not suffer H1N1 flu outbreaks as a result of air traffic.
The top 11 destination cities from Mexico were all in the United States. Los Angeles was the leader, receiving about 9 percent of all passengers from Mexico, and New York City was second, with about 5 percent.
In contrast, the only South American entry in the top 40 destination cities was Buenos Aires, at No. 22. Passengers were even fewer when it came to cities in neighboring Guatemala and other Central American countries.
The data show not only how disease spreads out of Mexico, but also that air travel is mainly among more industrialized countries, experts said.
Background In late March 2009, an outbreak of a respiratory illness later proved to be caused by novel swine-origin influenza A (H1N1) virus (S-OIV) was identified in Mexico. We describe the clinical and epidemiologic characteristics of persons hospitalized for pneumonia at the national tertiary hospital for respiratory illnesses in Mexico City who had laboratory-confirmed S-OIV infection, also known as swine flu.
Methods We used retrospective medical chart reviews to collect data on the hospitalized patients. S-OIV infection was confirmed in specimens with the use of a real-time reverse-transcriptase–polymerase-chain-reaction assay.
Results From March 24 through April 24, 2009, a total of 18 cases of pneumonia and confirmed S-OIV infection were identified among 98 patients hospitalized for acute respiratory illness at the National Institute of Respiratory Diseases in Mexico City. More than half of the 18 case patients were between 13 and 47 years of age, and only 8 had preexisting medical conditions. For 16 of the 18 patients, this was the first hospitalization for their illness; the other 2 patients were referred from other hospitals. All patients had fever, cough, dyspnea or respiratory distress, increased serum lactate dehydrogenase levels, and bilateral patchy pneumonia. Other common findings were an increased creatine kinase level (in 62% of patients) and lymphopenia (in 61%). Twelve patients required mechanical ventilation, and seven died. Within 7 days after contact with the initial case patients, a mild or moderate influenza-like illness developed in 22 health care workers; they were treated with oseltamivir, and none were hospitalized.
Conclusions S-OIV infection can cause severe illness, the acute respiratory distress syndrome, and death in previously healthy persons who are young to middle-aged. None of the secondary infections among health care workers were severe.
This case series of the first 18 patients hospitalized in Mexico City with S-OIV infection documents the clinical findings of severe illness or death associated with S-OIV infection that were seen during the beginning of the S-OIV pandemic. The patients, most of them previously healthy, had an influenza-like illness that progressed during a period of 5 to 7 days, had pneumonia, and had findings during the first day of hospital admission that fulfilled the criteria of acute lung injury or the acute respiratory distress syndrome.12 Seven patients died, all from multiorgan system failure. The most consistent laboratory characteristics were increased lactate dehydrogenase level, a total leukocyte count within normal limits, lymphopenia,13 and increased creatine kinase level, most likely due to myositis (or myocardial ischemia, in one patient).
The patients described were part of an epidemic of influenza-like illness with pneumonia seen at our institution and other Mexican hospitals, and only a fraction of them tested positive for S-OIV. A false negative test in patients who had infection with S-OIV would be more likely if the test were delayed or if patients had limited viral shedding. In general, patients who tested negative for S-OIV had a milder clinical course than those who tested positive but were as much a part of the burden of the epidemic as those who were not tested.
Risk factors for severe S-OIV illness are still unknown, but most of our patients were young to middle-aged and had previously been healthy. The majority of the S-OIV infections reported in other countries have been mild, influenza-like illnesses.2 Mexico has also reported a large number of persons with mild disease, through the national surveillance system for influenza, but the full spectrum of clinical illness has not been determined. Other countries will probably report more severe infections as the pandemic spreads and the number of infected persons increases. One contributing factor for death in our patients may have been delayed admission and delayed initiation of oseltamivir. For seasonal influenza, the elderly and young children are at higher risk for severe disease; however, more than half of our patients were between 13 and 47 years of age, which was similar to the age distribution reported in national data of H1N1 infections in Mexico.6 During the 1918 pandemic, a large number of deaths were associated with bacterial infection,14 but concurrent bacterial infection does not appear to be a major contributing factor to the severity of illness in our patients, possibly in part because most received antibiotics before hospitalization.
Mortality among the patients requiring mechanical ventilation was 58%, and although four patients had nosocomial pneumonia, in most of our patients, lung damage was most likely due to the primary effect of infection with influenza virus. Possible mechanisms of damage include direct injury to the respiratory epithelium15 with a secondary cytokine storm. We do not currently know whether our patients, especially those who died, had viremia, as was reported in association with H5N1 infection, a very aggressive variety of influenza.13,16,17,18 Coinfection with other respiratory viruses could also explain the increased pathogenicity among our patients19,20; however, no other common respiratory viruses were found in our patients. Only three of the patients had received influenza vaccine in fall 2009, since most patients were within the age groups for which vaccine was not recommended in Mexico. It is currently unknown whether seasonal vaccination offered any protection against S-OIV infection, however. We did not find a factor that, before the onset of illness, predicted a worse outcome or death among our patients.
Flutrackers Confirmed U.S. Fatalities 6/29/09 .....
Arizona - 9
California - 19
Connecticut - 6
Florida - 2
Illinois - 13
Maryland - 1
Massachusetts - 2
Michigan - 7
Minnesota - 1
Missouri - 1
Nevada - 2
New Jersey - 6
New York - 42
North Carolina - 2
Oklahoma - 1
Oregon - 3
Pennsylvania - 4
Rhode Island - 1
Texas - 16
Utah - 10
Virginia - 1
Washington - 3
Wisconsin - 4
TOTAL - 156
#150 Nevada - Clark County, 33 year old man died 6/28/09 reported 6/29/09 *no underlying conditions, hospitalized 6/15
#151 California - San Diego County, 49 year old woman reported 6/29/09
#152 California - San Diego County, 75 year old man reported 6/29/09
#153 Connecticut - New Haven County, unidentified person 40-49 years old reported 6/29/09 *unspecified underlying conditions, recently hospitalized
#154 Massachusetts - Boston, 84 year old man, died 6/18/09 reported 6/29/09 *hospitalized 6/12, confirmed H1N1 postmortem 6/29
#155 New York - Suffolk County, Babylon, unidentified man 65-75 years old died 6/29/09 reported 6/29/09 *serious underlying medical condition, multiple medical problems, hospitalized since early June, confirmed H1N1 earlier in the month
#156 Texas - Austin-Travis County, Pflugerville 49 year old man reported 6/29/09
U.S. Deaths Abroad:
#1 Canada, Ontario - Mill Valley, California resident Robert A. Derzon, a 78 year old man, died in Orangeville while visiting a friend, died 6/17/09 reported 6/17/09 *son confirms that it was H1N1
A Bergen County woman has become the state’s sixth confirmed death as a result of swine flu, a state health official said Monday.
The woman was in her 40s and had underlying health conditions, said Dr. Susan Walsh, deputy commissioner for public health at the state Health Department.
She is the first person from Bergen County to die of the pandemic flu virus, officially known as novel H1N1 influenza. Her name, hometown and the nature of her underlying health issues were not disclosed by health officials.
The virus has been confirmed in 44 residents of Bergen County and 609 residents of New Jersey, as of last Wednesday. But that number is only a fraction of the statewide total, because only severe cases and possible new clusters of cases are tested for the virus.
Most cases are mild, with symptoms that include a fever and cough or sore throat, sometimes accompanied by vomiting and diarrhea.
“It’s impossible to say” how many people in New Jersey have been infected, said Tom Slater, a department spokesman. “What’s important to know is that it is widespread in the community.”