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The site of old Winteringham was almost
enclosed with water, having only a slip of land
towards the Roman road, as an entrance. It
is, therefore, well described, as "a peninsula
between the Humber and Ankham." On the
east side, there was a spring of fresh water,
which was considered a great rarity, arising
so near an arm of the sea. About one hun-
dred and twenty years ago, there was some
stone work remaining round this spring, and
also an iron ladle, for the convenience of tra-
vellers. The older inhabitants of Wintering-
ham still dwell with a mixture of wonder and
pleasure on these by-gone days, concerning
which they have heard their forefathers speak,
as remembering the time when very con-
siderable foundations were exposed in the
necessary works of their agricultural pursuits.
At the period to which this refers, the old town
may be said to have been literally ploughed
up; for many Roman antiquities were there
found, amongst which are particularly men-
tioned pavements and chimney stones, some
so large, and so near the surface of the soil,
as to injure their ploughshares. In several
other places were discovered evident traces of
streets, made of sea-sand and gravel. It is,
indeed, expressly mentioned by an old author,
that at the termination of Hermen Street, a
small Roman road branched off directly west-
ward, passing over Whitton-brook, to the
Aquis of the ancients, which place is now
From Grimsby the shore draweth in with great reach to make way for to admit Humber, by Thornton a religious house in times past instituted for the worship of God by William the Grosse Earle of Aumarle; also by Barton, where there is a very notable Ferry or passage over into Yorkshire. Hard by, Aukham a little muddy river, and therefore full of Eeles, emptieth it selfe into Humber, neere unto the spring-head whereof is Merket-Rason, so called of a mercate there well resorted unto. Somewhat higher stand Angotby, now corruptly called Osgodby, belonging in times past to the family of Semarc, from whom it descended hereditarily to the Airmins; also Kelsay, a Lordship in old time of the Hansards, men of great name in this shire, from whom in right of the wives it came to the family of the Ascoghs, Knights. But after this, Ankham hath a bridge over it at Glanford, a small mercate towne which the common people of the said bridge so commonly call Brigg that the true name is almost quite forgotten. Next unto it within a Parke I saw Kettleby, the seat of the worshipfull ancient family of the Tirwhits, Knights, descended from Gronvil Oxenbridge, and Enchingham. But in times past it was the habitation, as a man may gather by the name, of one Ketell (which was in the times of the Saxons and Danes and usuall name). For bye in the English-Saxon language signifieth A dwelling place , and , and byan to dwell , whence it is that so many places both elsewhere in England here especially in this shire doe end in bye.
Thornton. Ferriby. At the north side is the fragments
of the chappel. . . . The drainers that drained these
levels of Ank, vulgo Ankham, fetch'd all the stone from
this chappel that they built Ferry Sluce with, in and, by
a just judgment of God upon (them), for applying that to
profane uses that had been given to God, the drainers
were all undon, and the sluce, which cost many thousands
of pounds building is now coming down.
But after this, Ankham hath a bridge over it at Glanford, a small mercate towne which the common people of the said bridge so commonly call Brigg that the true name is almost quite forgotten. Next unto it within a Parke I saw Kettleby, the seat of the worshipfull ancient family of the Tirwhits, Knights, descended from Gronvil Oxenbridge, and Enchingham. But in times past it was the habitation, as a man may gather by the name, of one Ketell (which was in the times of the Saxons and Danes and usuall name). For bye in the English-Saxon language signifieth A dwelling place, and , and byan to dwell, whence it is that so many places both elsewhere in England heere especially in this shire doe end in bye.
All this Tract over at certain seasons, good God, what store of foules (to say nothing of fishes) is heere to be found! I meane not those vulgar birds which in other places are highly esteemed and beare a great price, as Teales, Quales, Woodcocks, Phesants, Partridges &c., but such as we have no Latin names for, the very delicate dainties, indeed, of service, meates for the Demigods, and greatly sought for by those that love the tooth so well. I meane Puitts, Godwitts, Knots, that is to say, Canuts or Knouts birds (for out of Denmarke they are thought to fly thither), Dotterells, so named of their dotish foolishnesse, which being a kind of birds, as it were, of an apish kind, ready to imitate what they see done, are caught by candle light according to foulers gesture: if he put forth an arme, they also stretch out a wing; sets he forward his legge, or holdeth up his head, they likewise doe theirs; in briefe, what ever the fouler doth, the same also doth this foolish bird untill it be hidden within the net. But these things i leave to their observation, who either take pleasure earnestly to hunt after Natures workes, or, being borne for to pamper the belly, delight to send their estates downe the throat.
The Cider Centre is a popular stopping off point for cyclists. Brandy Wharf is steeped in legends and history, folk have linked the settlement on the side of the River Ancholme with smuggling, but it’s name is derived from a religious sect of Viking settlers named Brande. They became stranded after their invasion in 867AD so set up a ferry service across the tidal River Ancholme. The west bank pick - up point became known as Brande’s Wharf, it has been altered through time to the present day name of Brandy Wharf.
The word Ancholme explains that the area was home of the Anchorites, religious recluses, hermits and the like. At one time there were many monasteries along the length of the river.
The site of old Winteringham was almost enclosed with water, having only a slip of land towards the Roman road, as an entrance. It is, therefore, well described, as "a peninsula  between the Humber and Ankham." On the east side, there was a spring of fresh water, which was considered a great rarity, arising so near an arm of the sea.
Lincolne is one of tlie greatest citties in England, and standeth in the prouince
of Lindse)', vppon tlie river Witham, which springcth w/thin a myle of Rutland, at
South With^rm, & so passeth to North W'ith^m, Granthain, Beckingham, & Lincolne,
and here it dcvydeth Lindsey from Kesteuen, ffrom whence there [is] a dych digged Lindsey.
to tlie Trent, called Fosdich, about 8 myles long ; ffrom Lincoln it kepeth his course
estvvards to Tatershall, where it receaveth in a river named Bane, and then passeth
throwgh the Fennes to Boston ; and about 4 myles thence falleth into tlie sea.
*Ganesboro%o standeth vppon the river of Trent, which in that place parteth *[ieaf9i.]
Lincolnshire from Nottinghamshyre, about 12 mylcs northwest from Lincolne.
Markct-Rasin standeth in the middest of Lindsey, about 14 myles est from
Ganesborow, 10 northest from Lincolne, and vppon tite head of tlie river of Ankolm,
or Ankam, which roning from thence to Newsted, Glandford-Bridge, & Horstow,
falleth into the Humber.
Castor is 6 myles north from Market Rasin.
Kirton, in Lindsey, is 8 myles west from Castor, and as many northest from
Glandford-Bridge standeth vppon tlie Ankam, 6 myles northest from Kirton, &
as man]' northwest from Castor.
Burton standeth vppon tlie Trent, 7 myles northwest from Glandford Bridge, &
w/thin 3 myles of the Humber. Over against Burton is the Isle of Axholme, which
is 10 myles ' & 5 brode, and belongeth all to Lincolneshyre.
Liinberg (comonly called Great Liniberg, for diffrence of Litle Liinberg hard by),
is 8 myles south southest from Barton, & 6 est from Glandford Bridge.
Barton standeth vppon tlie Humber, almost right against Hull, 8 myles northest
from ]?arton, & 2 est from the mouth of the Ankolm.
Low Saxon, also called Low German and in Low Saxon itself Plattdüütsch or Nedersaksisch is the language of northern parts of Germany, the Netherlands and many other regions in the world, where people from aforementioned regions settled. Those places include the US, Canada, Russia, Mexico, Brazil and some other countries in Southern America and elsewhere. Low Saxon has a rich history as a written language, going back till the 8th century. But even before it was spoken and was the base for the Anglo-Saxon language, which evolved into today's English language.