Bullet Identification Technology: A modern crime fighting tool
In an effort to provide law enforcement with modern crime fighting tools, a new patentpending bullet identification technology known as the Ammunition
Coding System (ACS) has been developed. ACS assigns a unique code to every round of ammunition manufactured, and by recording sales records, law
enforcement personnel will be able to easily trace the ammunition involved in a crime and have an avenue to pursue and solve even the most difficult
The key to ACS is the unique code that is micro-laser engraved on factory-produced ammunition. This laser engraving is etched on both the projectile
and the inside of the cartridge casing. Each code will be common to a single box of cartridges and unique from all other ammunition sold. The unique
ACS codes will be tracked and records maintained to identify individual ammunition purchases.
The ACS technology will provide a method for law enforcement personnel to trace ammunition purchases and link bullets and cartridge cases found at
crime scenes to the initial retail ammunition purchaser. This system will not necessarily prove who pulled the trigger, but it will provide law
enforcement with a valuable lead and a starting point to quickly begin their investigations.
The design of the ACS laser engraving system will allow law enforcement personnel to identify the bullet code in cases where as little as 20% of the
bullet base remains intact after recovery. Since bullets are designed to keep the base solid and in its original configuration
, the likelihood
of ACS codes remaining legible after recovery is very high. Law enforcement testing has already shown a 99% success rate in identifying the ACS
code after bullet recovery.
Consider the following, a drive by shooting that does not result in injuries or deaths yet bullets and shell casings are left behind; or firearm
vandalism where property may be destroyed or damaged. ACS would prove to be a very useful and effective tool in preventing future crimes by
apprehending those individuals responsible before a more serious crime is committed.
All too often, federal and state fish and game investigators discover disturbing evidence of illegal poaching. The evidence, most often, is only the
carcass of a rare or endangered animal or bird. By using ACS to trace recovered ballistic evidence, fish and game authorities will be able to make
serious headway in preventing future violations.
Can the ACS technology be circumvented?
Not easily. It would require considerable skill and knowledge for a criminal to circumvent the ACS technology. A person with the right knowledge,
skill and equipment could cast and load their own ammunition. Similarly, a person could disassemble a coded bullet, file off the ACS codes and
reassemble the component parts. However, criminals are not known for their advance planning skills.
As an example, fingerprint technology is
easy to defeat simply by wearing gloves, but that does not mean the police no longer dust for fingerprints at crime scenes. Most criminals don’t
wear gloves; similarly most will not take the time nor do they have the knowledge or equipment to defeat ACS.
I actually think this is a good thing.