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Cheddar Man was determined to have belonged to Haplogroup U5a, a branch of mitochondrial haplogroup U, a haplogroup which is especially common in Britain, Ireland and the Basque Country of northern Spain and southwestern France. Haplogroup U is generally found to be most common in southern and western Europe and may have originated in West Asia. U5a, the specific haplogroup of Cheddar Man, is known to be the oldest truly modern human (not Neanderthal) mtDNA haplogroup in Europe.
"They wanted to take DNA samples from some of the students whose families had lived longest in the area," Targett said. "I gave a (cheek swab) sample too, just to encourage the children and to make up the numbers." In all, about 20 samples were taken, Targett recalls. His family has lived in the area at least since the mid-19th century, Targett said, but he moved to Cheddar only coincidentally after he began teaching there 20 years ago.
Originally posted by Kandinsky
reply to post by MischeviousElf
Thanks for the reply. You're right about Cheddar Gorge. It's a beautiful place to see. I worked in the area briefly a couple of years ago. It's an interesting point that you raise about the lack of rock art or paintings. I'll be looking to find out more about that.
Out of interest and you being UK, do you remember a documentary about the discovery of covered cave entrance?
It remains mysterious why there are no other examples. Not even cups or spirals Anyway the link is here...
Originally posted by Chadwickus
Great read there buddy
I love this kinda thing.
ScienceDaily (July 27, 2009) —
The Cheddar Gorge in Somerset was one of the first sites to be inhabited by humans when they returned to Britain near the end of the last Ice Age. According to new radio carbon dating by Oxford University researchers, outlined in the latest issue of Quaternary Science Review, humans were living in Gough's Cave 14,700 years ago. A number of stone artefacts as well as human and animal bones from excavations, spread over more than 100 years, shed further light on the nature as well as the timing of people to the cave.
' We were puzzled that the human bones we excavated in Gough's Cave about 20 years ago, including those that may have been cannibalised, seemed to be up to a thousand years different in age. The new dating methods show instead that the butchery and consumption of both horses and humans occurred in a very short space of time, about 14,700 years ago. So as Europe rapidly defrosted, family groups probably followed herds of horses into Britain across grasslands where the North Sea is today.'