posted on Feb, 22 2009 @ 11:42 PM
When I studied Architecture Baalbek was one of the topics that generated intense interest and debate among the professors. It's been recognized the
Romans had little to do with Baalbek's massive foundations stones, other than to use it as a platform for their temple built to Jupiter. One can
imagine ancient Roman statesmen and architects finding those massive blocks and wondering what beings could have placed them. So it's little wonder
they would use that impressive foundation as a basis for a temple dedicated to their mightiest god (of course Baal has always been the deity linked to
Zeus, and the Romans could have been acting on that impulse).
I do have one question, regarding the ability of moving stones of this magnitude using pivot points as demonstrated by Wally Wallington. Once you
surpass a certain scale the weight becomes so great that any pivot point is pulverized beneath the stone begin moved. Wally was able to move
moderately heavy blocks (by our standards) using a pivot because the pivot was placed on a hard substrate, namely another stone block. Place that
pivot over soft ground then try pivoting something weighing multiple tons, all you will do is drive your pivot block into the earth. Another factor to
consider is that stone is not a perfectly homogeneous material. It has faults and fractures and different densities. A block of the stone the
magnitude of Baalbek's foundations could split if placed over a single pivot point. Finally you would still have to lift these over the pivot, and
how is that accomplished if modern machinery couldn't lift them? Watch Wally's video and see how large the lever arm is in relation to the size of
the stone block he is moving, now scale that up to the size of the Baalbek stones, I think you will realize that a lever arm that big itself becomes a
difficult engineering feat. What would it be made of? A single ceder timber (like those found in Lebanon) would hardly extend far enough beyond the
width of the stone being moved to provide adequate leverage. Without modern fasteners (nails, screws, steel plates) how would you construct such a
lever that wouldn't distort or twist apart? Rope perhaps, but it seems the engineering behind one component of moving the block becomes as monumental
as the block itself.
The argument that earthen ramps were used to move dolmens of this size isn't any more valid here than it was in Egypt. The earthen ramp itself
becomes a gargantuan work that would still be in evidence today. Where is the scarred earth where such a ramp existed outside the face of the Giza
pyramids or Baalbak? Where is the massive pit where the earth used for the ramp was taken from? Do you construct something as laborious and massive as
a pyramid by constructing an even more massive and laborious earthen ramp? The pyramids, for all their might, still don't employ a single solid stone
the size of these at Baalbek. I for one, would like to see a ramp handle 800 to 1,200 tons and not collapse into the soil underneath it. One last
thing to consider about using a ramp to haul such a weight is that the traction required to pull it. Oxen or horse or sheer human muscle grunting at
the ends of ropes would still need something solid for traction. A built ramp would have to be made very solid indeed, not of earth but of stone, to
provide such traction, and such a ramp would leave an archeological record of its existence. But none such exist at either the pyramid of Baal sites,
nor between these sites and their respective quarries. Further, Baalbeks builders had to contend with fording a river. No pivot would accomplish that.
Modern engineers would have dammed the river with a massive earthen work able to support such a load and driven the stones across in the same fashion
as used on land. Yet such a dam would have left evidence behind of its existence. And as with any possible massive ramps, at what point does the
engineering and effort into such a construction outpace that consumed by the original intent, namely the temple platform at Baalbek?
I believe it was Zecharia Sitchen who writes in one of his Earth Chronicles on the consistency of the matter of the stones, how their consistency is
not like any stones or granite found in nature (molecules are aligned in some fashion). He offers the theory that sound waves were used in their
shaping (as well as the stone works at Machu Picchu, which bear a strong resemblance in their fitting to the Baalbak platform). Whether this was the
technology of a higher intelligence or a flight of fancy on Sithchin's part still doesn't diminish the wonder of these incredible stone works.
Finally I'd like to say this about engineering. When we deal with simple lever arms we assume that the arms themselves don't effect the math
involved. That is to say the arms are considered "weightless". This is true in any physics book a student engineer will study from. But once you
begin to study advanced physics, you start taking into consideration the physics taking place within the lever arm. Modulus of elasticity,
deformation, these sort of internal stresses can defeat the efforts to use simple levers or pivots when dealing with objects of massive weight. All
this effort into moving these blocks which still leaves modern scholars perplexed. And no one has tackled the feat of joinery of these blocks with
such precision. Considering the technology level of its ancient builder, somewhere between the stone age and the bronze age, really has to be one of
the most mysterious feats of ancient man.