reply to post by silent thunder
The problem with theories like this, is that ancient cultic belief focused on far more than sun, moon, saturnian, and star worship. In fact, Saturnian
worship does not come about for a very, very long time. Ancient culture cultic belief is, most often, centered around a local, tutelary, patron deity
of a specific city.
For example, the ancient Sumerian town of Erech (Uruk) was the home of the goddess Inanna, variously called Ishtar, Astarte, Asherat, Shaushka,
Qedesh, and Ashtoreth in a host of other cultures. Now, Inanna is the goddess of love, war, fertility, queenship, and the planet Venus. She is not
solar, lunar, saturnian, or stellar. What Ishtar is, though, is a goddess of such wide resounding fame that her worship exists across the entire Near
East, finds it's way into the Bible, and has been re-imagined (incorrectly) for modern feminist movements. Inanna is THE surpremely worshiped
feminine principle of the Near East, more popular than Isis even.
Generally speaking, ancient cultures' worship breaks down like this:
Sumer (6000-2000 BC): agricultural worship, with the chief god (Enlil) representing rain and the air. Secondary worship (via Enki, Inanna, and
Ninhursag) was on plant and human fertility, and animal husbandry and fertility. The sun and moon (Utu and Nanna) were actually considered secondary
deities of worship, although still a part of the Seven Who Decree
. There is no true Saturnian god in Sumer. Enki receives Saturnian
associations in much later times. He was not brought into the noosphere with them. The closest Sumer comes to a star-cult is Inanna (see above), but
Venus is not a star.
Egypt (4000-700 BC): the commoners religion, the state religion, the priestly religion. The commoners believed in the death-cult, centered around the
of Isis and Osiris, which itself was borrowed from Sumer (Inanna and Dumuzi). The commoners also prescribed to workmans' gods
(like Ptah, Bast, Bes, Nephtys, etc). They were concerned with ephemeral, day-to-day living, work, and health. The state religion was entirely solar,
based, originally, upon the worship of Horus, and then Khepera-Re-Atem, and finally on Amun-Re. The state religion was concerned with properly
governing the spiritual edicts throughout the land; fulfilling divine laws, keeping borders safe, sanctifying the gods and the like. Finally, the
priest-craft religion was mystical, based on the metaphysical mechanisms behind the universal order. Deities like Thoth (lunar god of wisdom), Amun
(the omnipresent one), Khonsu (the Sacred Son, and moon-child to Horus' solar birth). The priest-cult was concerned with exorcism, healing, electing
leaders, and keeping Egypt pure. Eventually, through Tutankhamun's use of Amun-Re, the priest and Pharaonic cults were linked.
Babylonia and Mesopotamia (3000 - 700 BC): Babylonian worship, through the advent of the state-god Marduk, introduced, and expanded on, the idea of
the Storm-King. Where Enlil was primarily a god of airy nature, and a minor weather god in Sumer, Marduk was a fully-fledged storm lord, who brought
rains, floods, and all the fury of nature's various storms. This element would soon go on, spreading to Canaanite, Phoenician, Hittite, Hurrian, and
even Phrygian and Greek belief structures. It even doubled back into Egypt in the form of the god Set, a storm-lord from the southern desert. The
dominant god across the board was most commonly the storm-god. In Babylon he was Marduk, and to a lesser extent Adad. In Canaan and the Levant it was
Baal, Sutekh, and Hadad. In the Hittite and Hurrian pantheons it was Kumarbi, Teshub, Taru, and Tarhunt. Even in Greece, Zeus is a
thunder-and-lightning storm god. The only other prominent deity in some, but not all of the cultures, is the sun-goddess/god (variously called
Shamash, Arinna, Hebat, Hannahannas), and the goddess of the twin duties: love and war (Anat, and Astarte, Shaushka, and Qedesh - all of whom are
Inanna from Sumer).
Zoroastrian belief structure is formulated around the life-long conflict between the Beneficent and Malevolent spirit-gods Ahura Mazda and Ahriman.
Through the intercession of Mithra, human beings may purify themselves, become right by the laws of the spirit, and ascend to a new, better life.
There are a lot of solar and lunar elements to the religion, but it is not entirely.
So, solar, lunar, and stellar beliefs sometimes permeated, but were in no way the only, or even the chief, elements of ancient cultic belief. Israel,
which means "triumphant with God," was not a combination of Isis, Re, and El at all. For one, Isis and Ra are Greek interpretations of Aset and
R[e], their true Egyptian names. Finally, El, or Il, is Yahweh, so, that one I have no problem believing. But no, Aset, R[e], El did not become
~ Wandering Scribe