TEHRAN, Iran – Iran sent its first domestically made satellite into orbit, the president announced Tuesday, a key step for an ambitious space
program that worries the U.S. and other world powers because the same rocket technology used to launch satellites can also deliver warheads.
For nearly a decade, Iran has sought to develop a national space program, creating unease among international leaders already concerned about its
nuclear and ballistic missile programs.
The telecommunications satellite — called Omid, or hope, in Farsi — was launched late Monday after President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad gave the order to
proceed, according to a report on state radio. State television showed footage of what it said was the nighttime liftoff of the rocket carrying the
satellite at an unidentified location in Iran.
A U.S. counterproliferation official confirmed the launch and suggested the technology was not sophisticated. Speaking on condition of anonymity to
discuss intelligence gathering, the official said it appeared it "isn't too far removed from Sputnik," the first Soviet orbiter launched in
The TV report praised the launch as part of festivities marking the 30th anniversary of the 1979 Islamic revolution that toppled the U.S.-backed Shah
and brought hard-line clerics to power.
In a year in which Ahmadinejad faces a tough election battle to stay in power, the launch provided a symbol of national pride to hold up even as
falling oil prices batter the economy and the hard-line leader's popularity.
As it seeks to expand its influence in the Middle East, Iran touts such technological successes as signs it can advance despite U.S. and U.N.
sanctions over its nuclear program.
The launch touched off concern in the United States, Europe and Israel about possible links between its satellite programs and its work with missiles
and nuclear technology.
"There's almost always a link between satellite programs like this and military programs and there's almost always a link between satellites and
nuclear weapons. It's the same delivery vehicle," said James Lewis, an expert on defense technology at the Center for Strategic and International
Studies in Washington.
White House spokesman Robert Gibbs condemned the launch, saying: "This action does not convince us that Iran is acting responsibly to advance
stability or security in the region."
State Department spokesman Robert A. Wood accused Iran of using the space-launch program as a technological stepping stone to develop long-range
"Iran's ongoing efforts to develop its missile delivery capabilities remain a matter of deep concern," Wood said. "Iran's development of a
space-launch vehicle capable of putting a satellite into orbit establishes the technical basis from which Iran could develop long-range ballistic
Yiftah Shapir, a top Israeli expert on the Iranian space program, said the launch itself "doesn't really mean much to Israel, we knew about it
"The significance is in the technology itself. They are making progress and working on a program to spy on targets worldwide. But they are decades
away from achieving that," said Shapir, who heads the military balance project at the Institute for National Security Studies, a think tank at Tel
The United States and some of its allies accuse Iran of pursuing a covert nuclear weapons program. Iran denies the charge, saying its atomic work is
only for peaceful purposes, such as power generation.
The announcement of the launch came as officials from the U.S., Russia, Britain, France, Germany and China were set to meet Wednesday near Frankfurt
to talk about Iran's nuclear program. The group has offered Iran a package of incentives if it suspends uranium enrichment and enters into talks on
its nuclear program. The U.N. Security Council has imposed sanctions to pressure Iran to comply.
"This test underlines and illustrates our serious concerns about Iran's intentions,"