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Operation Gladio: CIA Network of "Stay Behind" Secret Armies

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posted on Jan, 31 2009 @ 02:21 AM
Good morning everyone,

Was surfing a bit and came across this..

Through NATO, working with various Western European intelligence agencies, the CIA set up a network of stay behind “secret armies” which were responsible for dozens of terrorist atrocities across Western Europe over decades. This report will focus on the stay behind army in Italy, as it is the most documented. Its codename was Operation Gladio, the ‘Sword’.

An Overview

The Purpose of the ‘Stay Behind’ Armies

In the early 1950s, the United States began training networks of “stay behind” volunteers in Western Europe, so that in the event of a Soviet invasion, they would “gather intelligence, open escape routes and form resistance movements.” The CIA financed and advised these groups, later working in tandem with western European military intelligence units under the coordination of a NATO committee. In 1990, Italian and Belgian investigators started researching the links between these “stay behind armies” and the occurrence of terrorism in Western Europe for a period of 20 years.[1]

‘Secret Armies’ or Terrorist Groups?

These “stay behind” armies colluded with, funded and often even directed terrorist organizations throughout Europe in what was termed a “strategy of tension” with the aim of preventing a rise of the left in Western European politics. NATO’s “secret armies” engaged in subversive and criminal activities in several countries. In Turkey in 1960, the stay behind army, working with the army, staged a coup d’état and killed Prime Minister Adnan Menderes; in Algeria in 1961, the French stay-behind army staged a coup with the CIA against the French government of Algiers, which ultimately failed; in 1967, the Greek stay-behind army staged a coup and imposed a military dictatorship; in 1971 in Turkey, after a military coup, the stay-behind army engaged in “domestic terror” and killed hundreds; in 1977 in Spain, the stay behind army carried out a massacre in Madrid; in 1980 in Turkey, the head of the stay behind army staged a coup and took power; in 1985 in Belgium, the stay behind attacked and shot shoppers randomly in supermarkets, killing 28; in Switzerland in 1990, the former head of the Swiss stay behind wrote the US Defense Department he would reveal “the whole truth,” and was found the next day stabbed to death with his own bayonet; and in 1995, England revealed that the MI6 and SAS helped set up stay behind armies across Western Europe.[2]

Has anyone ever heard of secret stay behind armies?? I guess that I always thought that some people were around after a conflict to takes care of "dotting the eyes and such...but whole armies??

Anyone have a take on this?? Operation Gladio?? Do we still practice this type of warfare today??

Here is the

To the mods..if this is in the wrong place, sorry 'bout that. I really wasn't sure where to put this.

[edit on 31-1-2009 by wolf241e]

posted on Jan, 31 2009 @ 08:52 PM
Doesn't it sound innocuous? "Stay-behind army".

Try turning it around.

If another country subverted your government, if they supported terrorists who carried out assassinations and bombings, and if they somehow simultaneously managed to persuade everyone else that they were the "white hats"... what would you think of that country?

This has been SOP for the US since WWII. Before that, they'd just send in the Marines.

In 1962, then Secretary of State Dean Rusk, in order to show precedent for a proposed attack on Cuba, gave a list of US military interventions around the world. Between 1798 and 1895, the US used military force against other nations 103 times.

And there may be political excuses about keeping the left out of politics (what uproar there would be if any other country tried to interfere in US politics), the abiding motivation is overwhelmingly commercial. In the 1890s, Senator Henry Cabot Lodge said:

"In the interests of our commerce... we should build the Nicaragua canal, and for the protection of that canal and for the sake of our commercial supremacy in the Pacific we should control the Hawaiian islands... and when the Nicaraguan canal is built, the island of Cuba... will become a necessity."

Even today, commercial interests drive a lot of US foreign policy. The war in Iraq is too obvious an example - it's less well-known that the various listening stations the US maintains around the world are also used to gather sensitive commercial information that is fed to US-based companies that would profit from it.

You know when the Mafia guys say in the movies, "it's just business"? It's like that.

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