First off, I was inspired to create this post after reading a reply by Cythraul in this thread:
"Any blow-up at The Temple Mount, be it fire, destruction of a building or bloodshed will have a hundred times the impact it would at any other
- Shlomo Gazit: Former head of Israeli military intelligence.
I believe that the current and the continuing conflict in Israeli has its basis in the control of The Temple Mount in Jerusalem.
Wikipedia : The Temple Mount
The Temple Mount is the holiest site in Judaism. Jewish Midrash holds that it was from here that the world expanded into its present form, and that
this was where God gathered the dust he used to create the first man, Adam. The Torah records that it was here that God chose to rest his Divine
Presence, consequently two Jewish Temples were built at the site. According to Jewish tradition, the Third Temple will also be located here, and
will be the final one.
[n Islam, the site is revered as the location of Islamic prophet Muhammad's journey to Jerusalem and ascent to heaven and is associated with other
local Muslim figures of antiquity. The site is the location of the al-Aqsa Mosque and the Dome of the Rock, the oldest extant Islamic structure in
-------------Significance in Judaism
. - King David conquered the land which would become modern Jerusalem he was commanded by God to erect a temple in the same spot God
tested Abraham's faith by asking him to sacrifice Isaac.
And God came that day to David and said to him, "Go up, erect an altar to the Lord on the threshing floor of Araunah the Jebusite." . . . And
David built there an altar unto the Lord, and offered burnt offerings and peace offerings. So the Lord heeded the prayers for the land, and the plague
was withdrawn from Israel.
2 Samuel 24: 15,1 6, 18, 25.
Now David died before he built the Temple that God wanted, so David's son Solomon took over construction around 960 B.C.
You know that my father David could not build a house for the name of the Lord his God because of the wars which were fought against him on every
side until the Lord put his foes under the soles of his feet.
Solomon - 1 Kings 5:3.
This temple was a huge construction process. It took 7 years and involved over 10,000 workers.
Some excerpts of the construction in 1 Kings Chapter 6.
So Solomon built the house, and finished it. He lined the walls of the house on the inside with boards of cedar; from the floor of the house to the
rafters of the ceiling, he covered them on the inside with wood; and he covered the floor of the house with boards of cypress. He built twenty cubits
of the rear of the house with boards of cedar from the floor to the rafters, and he built this within as an inner sanctuary, as the most holy
place. The house, that is, the nave in front of the inner sanctuary, was forty cubits long. The cedar within the house was carved in the form of
gourds and open flowers; all was cedar, no stone was seen. The inner sanctuary he prepared in the innermost part of the house, to set there the ark
of the covenant of the LORD
So the temple is built. It is the center of The Jewish religion and everything is great for around 375 years, minus the occasional raid or two.
- In come the Babylonians and they turn it into a pile of a rubble. Its totally destroyed, the most important structure in Judaism is
gone and the Jews are sent to Babylonian captivity.
60 years pass and the Babylonians are overthrown by the Persians. The Persian leader Cyrus the Great decides to let the Jewish people leave.
Naturally they head back to Jerusalem, the center of their religion. Jewish leaders decide that the first thing they want to do is build another
temple. It is that important to their faith. After some delays and about 20 years the new temple is finished in 521 B.C. This is know as, drum
roll...... The Second Temple
. - Alexander the Great conquers the Persian Empire. After a ton of politics and wars Rome's power increases and Jerusalem comes under
its rule . They set up a Roman client King the first born male baby killing guy we all know as Herod the Great.
Herod was real concerned with what historians were going think of him so he takes up huge construction programs, one of them being a complete remodel
of the Temple. He knocked the entire thing down and built a new grander one know as Herod's Temple
. I know your thinking, " well isn't
that the third temple?" Nope, because sacrifices never stopped during construction so it doesn't count as the third temple.
- The Israelites revolt over Roman rule in. In retaliation Rome sends Titus who proceeds to completely destroy the entire city including
Herod's Temple. The only piece left is what is known as The Wailing Wall today. The Temple's destruction is known as the "saddest day in
, and is commemorated by the fast of Tisha B'Av.
----------------- Significance in Islam
- Muhammad is in Mecca when the angel Gabriel visits him and takes gives him Buraq which flies him in the night to "the farthest
mosque." Some scholars believe he meant what is now the location of the oldest Islamic structure in the world Al-Aqsa Mosque
and a second
structure The Dome of the Rock
, which is located over the Foundation Rock and Well of the Souls in what is assumed to be the approximate
location of the Jewish Temple and the Holy of Holies. There is some debate if The Temple Mount was actually what Muhammad meant at the time since
there was no Islamic structure present in 620, but I feel that actual logistics are not relevant in to the importance it has in Islam.
While there Muhammad ascends to Heaven from the Foundation Rock over The Well of the Souls , prays with the prophets and talks with Moses and Allah.
Muslims celebration of this day is called Lailat al Mira.
In the 7th century The Arabs conquered Syria/Palestine from the Roman/Byzantine empires who had been in control for 700 years.