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These results are from CMPA’s 2008 Election News Watch Project. They are based on a scientific content analysis of all 481 election news stories (15 hours 40 minutes of airtime) that aired on the flagship evening news shows on ABC, CBS, NBC and FOX (the first 30 minutes of “Special Report with Brit Hume”) from October 1 through December 15, 2007.
Originally posted by deathhasnosound
reply to post by This American
The substance of this post is that Fox News is fair and blanced in their reporting of the campaign between McCain and Obama.
All that other stuff you are talking about is just distracting from the issue.
[edit on 1-11-2008 by deathhasnosound]
The Lichters’ funding and history belie this stance of objectivity. From 1986 to 1988, Robert Lichter was a fellow at the conservative American Enterprise Institute. Fund-raising letters for the launch of the Center for Media and Public Affairs contained endorsements from leading right-wing figures like Ronald Reagan, Pat Buchanan, Ed Meese and Pat Robertson.
Funding for the Center has come from the most prominent foundations of the right, including Smith Richardson (at least $298,000), Olin Foundation ($250,000), JM Foundation ($100,000) and the Coors Foundation ($55,000). (Smith Richardson gave the Center $40,000 in 1987 for its study on PBS.) These foundations also contribute heavily to more overtly right-wing media pressure groups like Reed Irvine’s Accuracy In Media, L. Brent Bozell’s Media Research Center, and David Horowitz’s Committee on Media Integrity.
In the past, O'Reilly embraced Lichter's research showing a liberal bias by network news programs. He welcomed Lichter as a truth-teller, for instance, when the communications professor at Virginia's George Mason University -- using the same methodology -- said Democrats were getting more favorable network TV coverage than Republicans in the walk-up to the 2006 midterm election.
But Monday, after The Times reported Lichter’s latest findings and the apparent tilt against Obama, O’Reilly told his radio listeners the research was “misleading” and an “enormous mistake.”
O’Reilly’s complaint was that Lichter coded statements as negative that were, he asserted, neutral -- such as merely repeating poll results.
Originally posted by Copernicus
I dont care if some report says they are fair or balanced. I make up my own opinions. They are hateful, fear-mongering and ignorant of the world. Watching 5 minutes of Fox or CNN makes me feel anxious and nervous.
[edit on 1-11-2008 by Copernicus]
Media Transparency documents that between 1986 and 2005 CMPA received 55 grants totaling $2,960,916 (unadjusted for inflation).[from:↑ "Center for Media and Public Affairs, Inc.", Media Transparency, accessed February 2008.] The data reveals that the overwhelming proportion of CMPA's funding comes from conservative foundations.
The funding information, covering 1986-2005, lists the following donors (note: all figures are unadjusted for inflation):
* Carthage Foundation, part of the Scaife Foundations - $512,000 from 8 donations
* the Earhart Foundation contributed $120,000 in six grants between 1999 and 2003;
* John M. Olin Foundation - $730,000 from 15 donations between 1986 and 2001;
* Lynde and Harry Bradley Foundation - $250,000 nine grants over the period between 1989 and 1995;
* Sarah Scaife Foundation, part of the Scaife Foundations - $760,000 from 9 donations spanning the period between 1991 and 2003; and
* Smith Richardson Foundation - $416,916 from 3 donations between 1998 and 2001;
Thus, out of the total of $2,960,916 in foundation grants, nearly all of it ($2,668,916) came from just four sources: the John M. Olin, Scaife, and Smith Richardson foundations. In other words, CMPA received 86% of its foundation funding from those four donors. Here is a sample of other right-wing causes funded by these 3 donors, as listed by their respective SourceWatch articles:
* John M. Olin Foundation - American Enterprise Institute, Project for the New American Century
* Scaife Foundations - American Enterprise Institute, Heritage Foundation
* Smith Richardson Foundation - American Enterprise Institute, Hudson Institute
"Center for Media and Public Affairs, Inc.", Media Transparency, accessed February 2008.
According to Salon journalist Joe Conason, the availability of this information does not indicate an openness on the part of the Center for Media and Public Affairs. In a Jan 2003 exchange of views with Lichter, Conason said "The IRS form 990 returns filed by [Lichter's] center redacts the names of all the individuals and organizations that contribute to it, thereby concealing them from public scrutiny. But the watchdogs at Media Transparency have collated the 990 returns filed by the conservative foundations, which disclose their contributions to Lichter's outfit." [from: 3.0 3.1 Joe Conason, "Letter: A question of bias", Salon, January 15, 2003.]
As at February 2008, the CMPA website contains no information about the Center's sources of funding.
Late last year, without notifying board members or NPR, Mr. Tomlinson contacted S. Robert Lichter, president of the Center for Media and Public Affairs (CMPA), a research group, about conducting a study on whether NPR’s Middle East coverage was more favorable to Arabs than to Israelis, Mr. Lichter said.
While the study appears to have been shelved — or at least postponed — Tomlinson’s selection of Lichter and the CMPA is worth noting. While any poll or study of media bias always takes fire from those who don’t agree with its conclusions, some of Lichter’s ties, and the criticisms leveled against his methodology, raise questions about his group’s findings.
Here’s what the Times didn’t tell you about CMPA: In March and April 2003, CMPA conducted a study of nightly newscasts to determine which programs had the most “positive” and “negative” reports about the war in Iraq. A total of 1,131 stories broadcast on ABC, CBS, NBC and Fox’s “Special Report With Brit Hume” were measured. There was wrinkle in the study, however: Although it was set up to gauge television news, CMPA didn’t include CNN and MSNBC in its tally for what it said were “budgetary reasons.”