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You'd think the emergence of a fatal disease—especially one that can be spread without physical contact—would be a big story. Yet a threatening new form of tuberculosis called extremely drug-resistant TB, or XDR-TB, has garnered almost no attention. That could soon change, with a new publicity campaign in 50 cities worldwide, centered on a series of dramatic pictures by photographer James Nachtwey and an Internet campaign at xdrtb.org. As the campaign shows, TB is not just an affliction of an earlier era. It still infects millions of people, killing about 1 in 6 of them. In the 1990s, there emerged a scary new version called multi-drug resistant TB (MDR-TB). And now there is XDR, which is even harder to treat.
The 49 XDR-TB cases were reported from nine states and one city, with the largest numbers in New York City (19 cases) and California (11 cases) (Figure). HIV status was known for 29 (59%) of the 49 persons with XDR TB (Table); 16 (55%) were HIV positive. During 1993--1999, a total of 19 persons with XDR TB had known HIV status, of whom 14 (74%) were HIV positive; during 2000--2006, 10 persons had known HIV status, of whom two (20%) were HIV positive. The number and percentage of persons with XDR TB in the group aged 25--44 years decreased from 21 (66%) during 1993--1999 to six (35%) during 2000--2006.
Symptoms of XDR-TB are no different from ordinary or drug-susceptible TB: a cough with thick, cloudy mucus (or sputum), sometimes with blood, for more than 2 weeks; fever, chills, and night sweats; fatigue and muscle weakness; weight loss; and in some cases shortness of breath and chest pain. A person with these symptoms does not necessarily have XDR-TB, but they should see doctor for a check-up. TB patients whose symptoms do not improve after a few weeks of treatment with TB and you are taking treatment should inform their clinician or nurse.
Originally posted by anotherdad
Is'nt there a vaccine for TB?
2 line post
Originally posted by MiRRoR_MuSiC
is this something that doesnt involve patient contact but something that can travel in the air, and not just around a coughing person infected with it? but from what the OP stated it doesnt sound that much different regular TB other than drug resistant. You dont want to catch it? dont be in close, unventilated quarters with someone coughing, plain and simple