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The Gamburtsevs were discovered by a Soviet team making a traverse across the ice in the late 1950s. The rocky prominence was totally unexpected; scientists thought the interior of the continent would be relatively flat.
"There are two easy ways to make mountains," explained Dr Robin Bell, from the Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, who is a lead US researcher on the expedition.
"One is colliding continents, but after they collide they tend to erode; and the last collision was 500-million-plus years ago. They shouldn't be there.
"The other way is a hotspot, [with volcanoes punching through the crust] like in Hawaii; but there's no good evidence for underneath the ice sheet being that hot.
"I like to say it's rather like being an archaeologist and opening up a tomb in a pyramid and finding an astronaut sitting inside. It shouldn't be there."
In 1998,a vast earthquake was reported to have occurred in Antartica measuring up to 8.1 on the Richter scale.
The fact hit global news services,preparations were made and the entire East coast of Australia was put on alert-the authorities feared it could be hit by huge tidal wave.
Medical authorities ,the police and the army called the alert off when the expected tsunami did not arrive.
What makes all of this mysterious is that there are no plates at the South pole and there is,therefore,no logical explanation as to what could have caused such a massive quake