Amrit Sorli, Kusum Sorli
SpaceLife Institute, Podere San Giorgio 16
53012, Chiusdino (SI), Italy
Cosmic Dynamics And Evolution Of Life
The idea that evolution could be a universal process is based on several discoveries. Some experiments show that the bodily functions of living
organisms are directly related to the gravitational potential of cosmic space. Universal space is the same throughout the whole universe and could
play an active role in the evolution of life.
Basic organic molecules that are needed for the development of life have been discovered within the observable cosmic space. The whole universe is in
a phase of chemical evolution. Many planets similar to our own have been discovered. Chemical evolution could also develop into biological evolution
It seems that the evolution of life is a continuation of the evolution of the universe.
Key words: space, matter, dynamic equilibrium, evolution, entropy, Einstein
Einstein emphasizes in his work (1918-1930) that space has its physical properties; gravitational force was attributed to space. He says: No space or
portion of space (can be conceived of) without gravitational potentials; for these give it its metrical properties without which is not thinkable at
all. The existence of the gravitational field is directly bound up with the existence of the space (1).
He came to conclusion that space can be the origin of the matter. In his article “The Concept of Space” in Nature (1930) he would say: We have now
come to the conclusion that space is the primary thing and matter only secondary; we may say that space, in revenge for its former inferior position,
is now eating up the matter (2).
In his book “Einstein and the Ether” Ludwik Costro comments: What a fundamental change in Einstein’s views! Having started from denial of the
existence of space and time, he finally came to the conclusion that four-dimensional space (the space-time continuum) constitutes a reality
ontologically primary even to matter. At this point, he believed that matter was born from space-time (3).
According to the first law of thermodynamics one can assume that in the universe energy cannot be created or destroyed, it can be transformed; the
sum of the energy of matter and the energy of space is always constant: E matter (Em) + E space (Es) = E constant (Ek). In the first moment after the
big bang Em = 0, Es = Ek. In the subsequent moments Es transforms into Em, and the transformation is over when Es and Em are balanced: Es = Em (Es =
Ek/2, Em = Ek/2). With the formation of black holes, the transformation of Em into Es starts, Em is falling towards zero (Em --> 0), Es is rising
towards Ek (Es --> Ek). With the transformation of matter into space the amount of energy of space is increasing. This process increases the
gravitational forces between galaxies. The speed of expansion of the universe is decreasing, at a certain point the expansion stops and the universe
starts to collapse into an enormous black hole that then explodes into a new big bang. Big bangs are cyclic (4).
Cyclic universe is predicted by the cosmologic theory of Turok and Steinhardt (5). Kompanichenko came to the same conclusion by studying how stars
and planetary systems have been formed (6).
Also in a "stationary model" space and matter are in dynamic equilibrium. Matter is disappearing into space through black holes and reappearing in
white holes. A black hole transforms the energy of matter (Em) into the energy of space (Es) and creates a non-equilibrium; around the black hole the
amount of Es increases, while the amount of Em decreases. When this non-equilibrium reaches its maximum at a certain distance from the black hole its
sister "white hole" is born; Es then begins transforming through the white hole back into Em until the energies of Es and Em in the area around the
"sisters" reach equilibrium. The original idea of the transportation of Em through a kind of tunnel between a black hole and a white hole was
developed by Einstein and Rosen.
Universe is a system in a dynamic equilibrium (further on only DE) that recreates itself. The total entropy of the universe sums to zero. The
increase of the entropy of the matter after big bang or white hole is only temporary; it is renewed through the cyclic transformation
DE is a basic universal law. DE between gravitational and tangential forces make it possible for planets to orbit around the sun, the water
circulation "ocean--evaporation--clouds--rain--rivers--ocean" is in DE, life chains of fauna and flora are in DE.
The idea of the universe as a self-renewing system is entering the current scientific thought:
"From a principally group theoretic argument of Rowlands and Cullerne outlined below, it follows: A) that the known experimentally validated
quantizations of the elementary particles for the strong, electromagnetic, and weak forcefields, are exactly the parametric values that ensure
compatibility between quantum mechanics and general relativity, and
B) that the origin of the quantum material universe or means by which Everything can be derived from Nothing, is a Self-creation corresponding to the
unstable critical point/ material phase transition from which the 3+1 spacetime field and its sources/sinks, the elementary particles, emerge. Such an
emergence thus defines exactly what we mean by "elementary particles" in accordance with the criterion laid down by K.G. Wilson's renormalization
group methodology concerning the critical phenomena of material phase transitions, for which he received the Nobel Prize" (7).
"Gravity conserves entropy; for example, in the cosmic gravitational collapse of the "Big Crunch", the total heat loss and entropy of the Universe
is reversed; in such a case, the total entropy of the Universe sums to zero. Gravity replaces positive spatial entropy with a metrically equivalent
positive temporal entropy; spatial expansion is reduced because it funds the temporal component of the total entropy equation" (8).
In the self-renewing universe evolution of life is a consistent part of cosmic evolution. It can be understood as a process that is continuously
developing towards a total entropy of the universe that sums to zero. The relationship between life as a continuous negentropic process and the zero
entropy of the universe can be described using the following equation:
Y = f (X)
Y stands for the evolution of life
X stands for a total entropy of the universe that sums to zero
According to the understanding above the evolution of life is a consistent part of the evolution of the universe and occurs in the whole universe.
Evolution on the planet Earth is a part of a wider universal process.
Materials and Methods
This idea is supported by the discovery of basic organic molecules necessary for the development of life in the whole of observable space. Universal
space is in the phase of chemical evolution which on the earth and similar planets has continued into biological evolution (9).
Several experiments confirm that functioning of living organism is related to the gravitational field, which means to the universal space.
Spaceflight induces a cephalad redistribution of fluid volume and blood flow within the human body and space motion sickness, which is a problem
during first few days of spaceflight, could be related to these changes in fluid status and in blood flow of the cerebrum and vestibular system
In weightlessness there is a decreased activity of spinal ganglia neurons of the hypothalamic nuclei producing arginine, vasopressin and growth
hormone releasing factor. Structural changes of the somatosensory cortex and spinal ganglia suggest a decreased afferent flow to the somatosensory
cortex in microgravity. The results characterise the mechanisms of structural adaptation to a decreased afferent flow in microgravity by the neurons
in the hemisphere cortex and brain stem nuclei. So, under microgravity there is a neuron hypoactivity (11).
Experiment carried out at the University of Lubiana, Slovenia in 1987-1988 with Californian worms (Latin name is: Lumbricus Teresticus) shows that
the weight of living Californian Worms is greater than of the same dead ones; gravitational force of the cosmic space is stronger on the living worms
than on the same dead ones (12).
Research done by Penrose and Hameroff suggest that the force of quantum gravity acting on the mass of neurones within the brain may be responsible
for the emergence of consciousness. The process is fundamentally related to the influence of quantum gravity on microtubule networks within the
neurones (13,14) .
It seems that universal space is the origin of the material universe as well as of life and human consciousness. In the universe there are many solar
systems with planets similar to ours. Life could also have developed there.
Kompanichenko says: Approximately four billion years ago, living systems appeared on Earth and formed the superstructure over the lower organized
geochemical systems. The simplest organisms were characterized by availability of unique mechanism that permitted them to transform actions from
outside world and to return strengthened /expedient counteraction back into the environment. Giving an energetic profit from this exchange, living
beings in fact extract free energy from the environment and accumulate it. The forms of life which lost the ability for the active extraction, in the
long run were eliminated by natural selection. Using one more unique quality - regular self-renovation, living system step-by-step complicated and
transformed the planetary medium into an environment. The extraordinary complicated human civilization is the top of this process. Both animate and
inanimate natural systems of the universe are interrelated by the deepest universal processes and regularities. This shows unity of nature and allows
us to support the opinion that life should be the widespread phenomenon in the cosmos (15).
Some current cosmological models consider the universe as a self-renewing system with total entropy that sums to zero. According to this
understanding of the universe, evolution of life is a consistent part of cosmic evolution. All over the universe life is developing towards conscious
species. Probably we are not alone in this vast universe.
Amrit Sorli, Kusum Sorli
1. Einstein A. (1920). Ather and Relativitatstheorie. J. Springer, Berlin, 4.
2. Einstein A. (1930). The Concept Of Space. Nature, 125, 897-898.
3. Kostro L. (2000). Einstein And The Ether. Aperion, 113.
4. Sorli A. (1990). Konec Casa. (The End of Time). Slovenia, Ljubljana, 11-19.
5. Steinhardt, P. J. ,Turok, N., A cyclic model of the universe. Sciencexpress, www.sciencexpress.org/25April2002/page1/10.1126/Science.1070462.
6. Kompanichenko V. (2002). Non-equilibrium State of Stars and Dichotomous Formation of Planetary Systems.
PGS Publisher, Russia, Khabarovsk
7. Marcer P. (2003). The Origin of Matter and how 3+1 spacetime came to be: the Universe, the Nothing that becomes Everything! International Symposium
on Computing and Anticipatory Systems, Liege Belgium, August 2003, www.bcs.org.uk...
8. Gowan J.A. (2003). Conservation/Entropy Domains of Free and Bound Energy. people.cornell.edu...
9. Mason S. (1991). Chemical Evolution: Origin of the Elements, Molecules, and Living Systems, Oxford University Press
10. US Army (1993). Madigan Army Medical Centre, Tacoma, Washington “ Cerebral blood velocity and other cardiovascular responses to 2 days head down
tilt. Journal of Applied Physiology. 74 (1): 319-25.
11. Krasnov IB.(1994). Institute of Biomedical Problems, Moscow, Russia. “Gravitational neuromorphology”,
Advances in Space Biology and Medicine 4: 85-110.
12. Sorli A.(2001). Additional Roundness of Space-Time and Unknown Vacuum Energies in Living Organisms,
Frontier Perspectives. 10 (2)
13. Penrose R. (1994). 'Shadows of the Mind' (Oxford), 377-391.
14. Hameroff S. (1994). 'Quantum Coherence in Microtubules: A Neural Basis for Emergent Consciousness?'
Journal of Consciousness Studies 1 (1), 91-118.
15. Kompanichenko V. (2003). Distinctive Properties of Biological Systems: The All-Around Comparison with Other Natural Systems. Frontier
Perspectives, 12 (1)