Did the universe come into existence just so that intelligent beings (self aware) could observe and understand it?
Or is it just some kind of random luck that we exist at all?
During a two week series of synopsia in Poland 1973 celebrating the 500th birthday of Copernicus. Brandon Carter asserted that Mankind holds a special
place in the Universe.( Weak Anthropic Principle) This theory was diametrically opposed to Copernicus's theory. Which basically states
that just by existing in this Universe, that we carbon based creatures impose a cosmological selection effect on the Universe so that we DO exist.
Here is the official version of the Weak Anthropic Principle:
From: (The Anthropic Cosmological Principal by John Barrow and Frank Tipler, p16)
Weak Anthropic Principle (WAP): the observed values of all physical and cosmological quantities are not equally probable but they take on the
values restricted by the requirement that there exist sites where carbon-based life can evolve and by the requirement that the Universe be old enough
for it to have already done so.
Then Carter sprung this whammy on his principal...The Universe HAD to create mankind!
This is known as the Strong Anthropic Principle (SAP). It is highly teleological and speculative at best.
Again the official version
From: (The Anthropic Cosmological Principal by John Barrow and Frank Tipler, p21)
Strong Anthropic Principle (SAP): the Universe must have those properties which allow life to develop within it at some stage in it’s
One more even more speculative principal ( actually, there two separate ones, but I consider them as two affirmations of the same theme.( ie: one
supports the other)) Are the Participatory and Final Anthropic Principals.
Which basically state that not only did the Universe have to create intelligent self aware beings,
but that we are necessary to collapse the Universe's waves and probabilities from superposition into
reality. Further, the Final Anthropic principle adds that once self aware beings are brought into being, the Universe cannot and never will die.
Some of the finest minds in the world are trying to understand the implications of the OP's question.
Physics department of SFSU:
A theologian's view:
Bill Craig A theologians view
Why is the Universe isotropic? Dr.S.W. Hawking's view: