Originally posted by pantha
here is a link to Chronology of Space Exploration
here you can find the history of our attemps to study the moon amongs other studies
the luner 2 was the first spacecraft to land on the surface of the moon
Luna 2 was the second of a series of spacecraft launched in the direction of the Moon. The instrument package reached the surface of the Moon on September 14, 1959. The first spacecraft to land on the Moon, it impacted the lunar surface east of Mare Serenitatis near the Aristides, Archimedes, and Autolycus craters. Some 30 minutes after Luna 2, the last stage of its rocket also impacted the Moon.
Originally posted by IKnowNothing
I think that me might have sent satellites to survey the area, but that's about it. I'm not real sure actually, it's a real excellent topic for discussion.