posted on Aug, 22 2008 @ 02:41 PM
I wouldn't put too much emphasis on a literal scientific reading of Genesis chapter 1 (1st Creation Myth) or chapter 2 (2nd Creation Myth) since we
are dealing with liturgical theology and its symbology and not 'modern science'.
It is clear from the 1st Creation Myth in Beres-hith (Gen 1:1 to 2:4a) written by the P writer (with the Hezekielite accent, full of Babylonian loan
words e.f. Tehom ('watery Chaos') for the Babylonian Chaos Monster Tiamat etc.) was referring to the 'moon' by the term 'lesser light to rule the
night'--expressed implicitly in the text:
"and Elohim created the greater light to rule the day (i.e. the sun) and the lesser light to rule the night (i.e. the moon) 'and then he created the
Post Exilic Jews knew little if anything about what we call modern Cosmology: similarly the Babylonians & Assyrians from whom they borrowed their
There are a number of childish 'scientific' problems with the 1st Creation Myth of the post Exilic writer (whoever he was with his Babylonian
Hezekielite accent) in Genesis 1:1 to 2:4a--vegetation is created (e.g. trees and grass and herbs) BEFORE the Sun, Moon or Stars...which is an
impossibility -- the author was more of a liturgist borrowing Babylonian Cosmology than what we would call a modern astronomer -- the 1st creation
myth is a recited chant with several stanzas repeated ('and Elohim saw that it was good...' paralleling the 7-fold creation myths of the Canaanites
with the 7-fold peal of Ba'al etc.
Also the idea of a dome (req'iak = Hebrew for 'bowl') or a 'firmament' which surrounds the flat earth is also non-scientific. We know that there
is no BOWL (i.e. flat at the bottom and round at the top) surrounding a flat earth, but a solar system which is in turn part of a galaxy of stars with
planets hovering around them...
Also there is the issue of the Sun and the Moon beinig 'created' (bara) BEFORE the Stars...which is another cosmological blooper in the 1st Creation
Myth of the Jews, but at least male and female are created together 'in the image of Elohim male and female created he them..and he CALLED THEIR NAME
ADAM (see Gen 5:1-2 where the P writer re-emerges with his Hezekielite accent !) which literally means that according to the text as it stands, Elohim
is bisexual-androgynous having both male and female parts—unlike the 2nd (and contradictory) Creation Myth found in Genesis (called the JE myth
since the author uses YHWH-Elohim to refer to the creator godf) which starts at Gen 2:4b and has 'adam' 'formed' as a male made of mud then the
animals 'formed' of mud and brought to the man for intercourse' but no 'wife was found for him...' so then the woman was 'formed' by YHWH
Elohim having her material 'taken from the side of the man'..parallelling the Sumerian myths of creation in several key parts--not surprisingly
because the nations of Assyria (conquored northern Kingdom of Israel in 722BC) and Babylon (conquored southern Judah in 587 BC) exiled the priests and
metalworkers (i.e. what we could later call alchemists) out of the country where they were exposed to the literary creations of these older and far
more sophisticated nations (no wonder they adapted their liturgies using their formats as models for their own creation myths when Ezra compiled the
Torah in writing after 480 BC).
The Re'qiak ('bowl') or 'firmament' (which translation is nonsensical in English) is that according to the 1st Creation Myth in Genesis chapter
1, it is created (bara – ‘he created out of nothing’) WITHOUT the sun, and without the MOON and without the STARS, which were ADDED later AFTER
Vegetation was created (herbs bearing seed, grass, Trees etc.)...
The idea here being that we are dealing (in Gen 1:1 to 2:4a) with the 7-fold Creation Liturgy pattern of the Cannanite and Assyro-Babylonian Baalite
New Year Festival (Fertility Rite) which took place every Spring with its repeated stanzas like a chant---and NOT Science, as you can plainly see...