The number of hospitalizations with any mention of heart failure tripled from 1,274,000 in 1979 to 3,860,000 in 2004; 65% to 70% of admissions were patients with additional diagnoses of heart failure.
Long-term industrial or medical exposure to silver
and its compounds may increase blood concentrations
of silver to levels which can have toxic effects,
such as induction of sarcomas, anemia, and
enlargement of the heart
nlarged heart (cardiomegaly) is not a disease but a sign of an underlying problem. It can have many causes, including:
* High blood pressure
* Heart valve disorders
* Weakness of the heart muscle (cardiomyopathy)
* Severe anemia
* Thyroid disorders
* Excessive iron in the body (hemochromatosis)
* Abnormal protein buildup in an organ (amyloidosis)
In some people, an enlarged heart causes no signs or symptoms. Others may experience:
* Breathing difficulties
* Shortness of breath
* Abnormal heart rhythm (arrhythmia)
* Swelling (edema)
Exposure to dust containing relatively high levels of silver compounds such as silver nitrate or silver oxide may cause breathing problems, lung and throat irritation and stomach pain.
Many people have become aware of the mercury toxicity problem. But it would be a mistake to think that metal poisoning is unique to this particular toxin. Consider: silver colloid is an antiseptic and has been used since ancient times to inhibit bacteria in drinking water.
Metals can directly and indirectly damage DNA and that means an increased risk of cancer (we call this genotoxicity). There are also possibly non-genotoxic pathways, due to irritation or immuno-toxicity. Sure enough, a number of metals are known to be carcinogenic.
Generally speaking, heavy metals disrupt metabolic function in two basic ways:
First, they accumulate and thereby disrupt function in vital organs and glands such as the heart, brain, kidneys, bone, liver, etc.
Second, they displace vital nutritional minerals from where they should be in the body to provide biological function. For example, enzymes are catalysts for virtually every biochemical reaction in all life-sustaining processes of metabolism. But instead of calcium being present in an enzyme reaction, lead or cadmium may be there in its place. Toxic metals can't fulfill the same role as the nutritional minerals, thus their presence becomes critically disruptive to enzyme activity.
There has been a considerable amount of discussion regarding African Greys falling from their perches.
Heavy metal poisoning should be considered as a reason for unexplained falls from the perch
Elevated silver concentrations in biota occur in
the vicinities of sewage outfalls, electroplating
plants, mine wastes, and silver-iodide seeded
ionic Ag+, is one of the most toxic metals known to
aquatic organisms in laboratory testing
Weather modification, or cloud seeding, has long been recognized as a means to enhance existing water supplies. Cloud seeding assists nature in the formation of precipitation, by providing droplet-forming nuclei at the proper times and places.
Typically, silver iodide is released into the air from strategically placed ground generators to produce artificial ice nuclei. Aircraft seeding is also used, but is much more expensive
A mixture of seeding, pollutant inhibiting, and co-alescing chemicals are vaporized and dispersed in a jetting action into the atmosphere to provide an aggregate of nuclei on the order of subcolloidal approximately submicromolecular sizes upon which nucleations of water vapor in the atmosphere take place free from adjacent nucleations to form water droplets and ice crystals with accompanying releases of latent heat, the water droplets, ice crystals further serving as nuclei in a breeding action for a chain reaction of latent heat releases with the vaporized coalescing chemicals aiding in the coalescence of water droplets and the released latent heat diffuses upwardly in an outward expansion to produce an updraft whereby to puncture atmospheric inversions and inhibit the formation of secondary pollutants.
A number of commercial companies, such as Aero Systems Incorporated , Atmospherics Incorporated , North American Weather Consultants , Weather Modification Incorporated , Weather Enhancement Technologies International , Seeding Operations and Atmospheric Research (SOAR) , offer weather modification services centered on cloud seeding. The USAF proposed its use on the battlefield in 1996, although the U.S. signed an international treaty in 1978 banning the use of weather modification for hostile purposes.
Los Angeles has a new idea for how to combat drought: cloud-seeding. The county plans to spend $800,000 on a plan to increase rainfall in the San Gabriel Mountains by shooting a whole bunch of silver iodide into the air.
JEDDAH, 3 June 2008 — The Kingdom will soon carry out its fifth experiment of the cloud physics project that aims at generating artificial rain.
Chemicals used in the cloud seeding process include calcium chloride and silver iodide. The process involves airplanes dropping the chemicals in the clouds in order to induce rain.
The American Weather Modification Inc., the company carrying out the program, has conducted the experiment in 11 US states without any complications or environmental damage because of the chemicals used, Al-Qahtani said.
S 517 IS
To establish the Weather Modification Operations and Research Board, and for other purposes.
IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES
March 3, 2005
Mrs. HUTCHISON introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation
Weather Mitigation Research and Development Policy Authorization Act of 2007 - Establishes in the National Science Foundation (NSF) the Weather Mitigation Advisory and Research Board to establish and coordinate the national research and development program on weather mitigation described in this Act. Requires the Executive Director of the Board to submit a plan for the establishment and coordination of the Program.
Requires the Board to promote and fund research and development (R&D), studies, and investigations with respect to: (1) improved forecast and decisionmaking technologies for weather mitigation operations, including tailored computer workstations and software and new observation systems with remote sensors; and (2) assessments and evaluations of the efficacy of weather mitigation.
Authorizes the Board to establish a grant program for the awarding of grants to eligible entities (state agencies, institutions of higher education, and nonprofits that have expertise in the field of weather mitigation and experience working with state agencies) for R&D projects that pertain to weather mitigation. Permits a grant recipient to only use the grant for a R&D project that: (1) pertains to weather mitigation; and (2) was in operation on the day before the grant was awarded.
Requires the submission of annual reports to the President and Congress on the activities conducted pursuant to this Act.
Adverse health effects have been associated with the inhalation of a variety of atmospheric particles. The potential toxicity of a recently collected urban air particulate sample (EHC-93, mean diameter < 1 μm) was assessed after instilling 1 mg to mouse lung.
Important sources of atmospheric
silver from human activities include the processing of ores, steel refining,
cement manufacture, fossil fuel combustion, municipal waste incineration, and
cloud seeding. The total U.S. annual release of silver to
the environment as a result of human activities in 1978 was estimated to be
approximately 2 million kg. ,Of this amount, 77% was from,land disposal of
solid waste, 17% was discharged to surface waters, and 6% emitted to the
Urban refuse was the source of an additional 10,000 kg.
Smith and Carson (1977) estimated that cloud seeding with silver iodide
contributed 3,100 kg annually (based on data from the early 1970s).
CLOUD SEEDING PROJECTS OVER TEXAS, OKLAHOMA, COLORADO, KANSAS - April 1999 seeding's in Texas connected to May 1999, Oklahoma F-5 Tornado- 2003 cloud seeding, Greensburg, KS, WIPED OFF MAP.
CHINA'S 2007-2008 Seeding, Cyclone in Myranmar/burma, increase in cases of Asthma, and other serious internal dieases's in seeded states rural groundwater contamination, loss of honey bee's, crop destruction. Huge Tornado May 21, 2008 north of Colorado?
The notion of a technological fix for global warming isn't new. In the 1940s, Bernard Vonnegut—a well-respected meteorologist and Kurt Vonnegut's brother—discovered that silver iodide smoke could cause clouds to give up their rain.3 His discovery kick-started serious government efforts to manipulate the environment. Until then, cloud-seeding had been the preserve of crackpots and con artists. By 1951, however, 10% of the United States was under clouds that had been commercially seeded.4
Governments and industry have a sometimes-ignoble history tampering with the weather. The CIA's top-secret "Project Popeye" rainmaking campaign, which began in 1966, ran for seven years and conducted 2,300 cloud seeding missions over the Ho Chi Minh Trail during the Vietnam War.5 The goal was to make the trail impassible and, as a bonus, to drown out North Vietnam's rice crop. While rains did increase, the Air Force couldn't establish a clear link to its covert campaign.
Recently, more convincing experiments have focused on " hygroscopic cloud seeding "—that is, warm-cloud seeding, as opposed to cold-cloud seeding (glaciogenic). Results from experiments at the South African National Precipitation and Rainfall Enhancement Programme earned researchers there the United Arab Emirates' 2005 Prize for Excellence in Advancing the Science and Practice of Weather Modification. Other warm-cloud seeding projects have taken place in the United States, Thailand, China, India, Australia, Israel, South Africa, Russia, United Arab Emirates, and Mexico.6 According to the UN World Meteorological Organization (WMO), at least 26 governments were routinely conducting weather-altering experiments in 2000.7 By 2003-2004, only 16 WMO member countries reported weather modification activities, although weather modification activities are known to have taken place in several other countries.