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Was IBM, "The Solutions Company," partly responsible for the Final Solution? That's the question raised by Edwin Black's IBM and the Holocaust, the most controversial book on the subject since Daniel Jonah Goldhagen's Hitler's Willing Executioners. Black, a son of Holocaust survivors, is less tendentiously simplistic than Goldhagen, but his thesis is no less provocative: he argues that IBM founder Thomas Watson deserved the Merit Cross (Germany's second-highest honor) awarded him by Hitler, his second-biggest customer on earth.
"IBM, primarily through its German subsidiary, made Hitler's program of Jewish destruction a technologic mission the company pursued with chilling success," writes Black. "IBM had almost single-handedly brought modern warfare into the information age [and] virtually put the 'blitz' in the krieg." The crucial technology was a precursor to the computer, the IBM Hollerith punch card machine, which Black glimpsed on exhibit at the U.S. Holocaust Museum, inspiring his five-year, top-secret book project.
The Hollerith was used to tabulate and alphabetize census data. Black says the Hollerith and its punch card data ("hole 3 signified homosexual ... hole 8 designated a Jew") was indispensable in rounding up prisoners, keeping the trains fully packed and on time, tallying the deaths, and organizing the entire war effort. Hitler's regime was fantastically, suicidally chaotic; could IBM have been the cause of its sole competence: mass-murdering civilians? Better scholars than I must sift through and appraise Black's mountainous evidence, but clearly the assessment is overdue.
The moral argument turns on one question: How much did IBM New York know about IBM Germany's work, and when? Black documents a scary game of brinksmanship orchestrated by IBM chief Watson, who walked a fine line between enraging U.S. officials and infuriating Hitler. He shamefully delayed returning the Nazi medal until forced to--and when he did return it, the Nazis almost kicked IBM and its crucial machines out of Germany. (Hitler was prone to self-defeating decisions, as demonstrated in How Hitler Could Have Won World War II.)
Black has created a must-read work of history. But it's also a fascinating business book examining the colliding influences of personality, morality, and cold strategic calculation. --Tim Appelo --This text refers to an out of print or unavailable edition of this title.
The publisher has ordered a print run of 100,000 copies, indicating that they expect high demand for this contentious expose. The author asserts that a collusion existed between IBM Corporation and the government of the Third Reich, wherein IBM supplied the technology enabling Nazi authorities to systematize their persecution of European Jews. Expect much discussion in the press and on the street about this very controversial book. Brad Hooper
Copyright © American Library Association. All rights reserved --This text refers to an out of print or unavailable edition of this title.
Employer surveillance of employee activities using global positioning system (GPS) or similar technology should not violate employee privacy if it’s used for legitimate business reasons and is not abused, says attorney Allen M. Kato, Esq., of the law firm Fenwick & West LLP in San Francisco.
To avoid liability, employers should notify employees that the employer reserves the right to use GPS to monitor location and activities for safety and business reasons.
“Absolute power is when a man is starving and you are the only one able to give him food.” Zimbabwe’s Marxist dictator, Robert Mugabe
Originally posted by SpartanKingLeonidas
reply to post by desertdreamer
Thanks for the kudos. Much appreciated. I've known what "keywords" were now for twenty-nine years, so it's not a shock to me in the least that everything is being monitored online or otherwise.
Love the picture, by the way.
Originally posted by BetweenMyths
Secret Power, an e-book by Nicky Hagar on UKUSA electronic spying, is now freely available online:
Originally posted by ripcontrol
The question is how do you fight back not if, how?
First suggestion is ISP masking and proxy services. I am plotting right now and indulging.
What suggestions do you and others have in fighting. If enough people can be convinced to use these as information protection it could go a long way.
my attitude to all of them
warning is adult language contained in side link
Originally posted by ripcontrol
I agree in your first attempts should all be in the interest and the name of the right thing to do.
But only your first attempts. The velvet glove must encase the titanium fist.
I will truly endeavor to devour the book and links you list because I like the way you think.
My intentions are for now on the up and up. It is better to be versed in how to make yourself disappear and know how to do it then need it and have no clue how.