reply to post by Shar
Now here it is telling us to put a murderer to death. Take no pleasure in it however.
I am going to assume you mean "satisfaction" in verses 31 and 32 of Numbers 35?
31 Moreover ye shall take no satisfaction
for the life of a murderer, which is guilty of death: but he shall be surely put to death.
32 And ye shall take no satisfaction
for him that is fled to the city of his refuge, that he should come again to dwell in the land, until the
death of the priest.
The word "satisfaction" in these verses do not mean "take no pleasure", rather they mean that the murderer is NOT allowed to be set free based on
a ransom or bribe or fine.
The word in Number 35:32-33 is "kopher" and it means "ransom" or a "price paid"...like a "fine". It is similar to a court saying, "You can be
executed OR pay a fine (a "kopher")".
But in this case, God is saying, "There is no price (fine) that can be paid for a murderer. Murderers must die and no amount of money (from him or
any other) can save him."
This was to stop the "rich man" from murdering and getting set free because he "paid the fine". (Or) maybe the murderer had rich relatives...it
didn't matter. God said the murderer must die. There is no other price that could be paid.
Please note that God expounds upon this in the very next verse:
33 So ye shall not pollute the land wherein ye are: for blood it defileth the land: and the land cannot be cleansed of the blood that is shed
therein, but by the blood of him that shed it.
In this verse God says that no amount of money/remorse/penance can "cleanse" the land of the blood (that was shed by the murderer) EXCEPT the blood
of him who shed it.
City of Refuge
Numbers 35:32 And ye shall take no satisfaction for him that is fled to the city of his refuge
, that he should come again to dwell in the
land, until the death of the priest.
A "city of refuge", in the OT, is a fascinating system of justice and (somewhat) foreshadows Jesus and His death for all of His.
I, myself, had a little trouble fully understanding the laws of these "cities of refuge" in Numbers 35:9-34 in the KJV, so I found it helpful to
read it in another translation. (New English Translation...it is out of print...but it is an excellent translation)
Apparently, 'homicide' was a pretty major issue and God set up "cities of refuge" in which someone who had killed another, accidentally or
otherwise, could run to
In Numbers 35 God makes a distinction between (what we call) manslaughter
and (what we call PREMEDITATED) murder
. He has given rules for
It should be noted that in the OT, there were no "police": Every man
was a police officer. Furthermore, it was up to (actually REQUIRED OF)
the next of kin to kill the "murderer". There was no "state" (government) carrying out the "requirement of capital punishment" for murder.
The next of kin was required to kill the murderer!
I suppose this post could get quite long if I went into this with analogies and examples, and if you'd like, I'll do so in another post?
You were also (somewhat?) wondering about "capital punishment" in the NT?
Paul talks about this in Romans 13:1-4
Let every soul be subject unto the higher powers. For there is no power but of God: the powers that be are ordained of God.
2 Whosoever therefore resisteth the power, resisteth the ordinance of God: and they that resist shall receive to themselves damnation.
3 For rulers are not a terror to good works, but to the evil. Wilt thou then not be afraid of the power? do that which is good, and thou shalt have
praise of the same:
4 For he is the minister of God to thee for good. But if thou do that which is evil, be afraid; for he beareth not the sword in vain: for he is the
minister of God, a revenger to execute wrath upon him that doeth evil.
Here (above) God has authorized the State (rulers...government) to punish criminals...with the 'death penalty', if necessary. Personal vengeance
(next of kin exacting vengeance...) is no longer permitted.