Excalibur, in Latin, equates to Ex Calx Liberatus
. meaning: From the Stone Freed.
I posted this awhile back and may serve to aid this topic further:
Interestingly, I have read that the Welsh name for Arthur's sword was Caledfwlch
, pronounced Caled-Folk
, which meant: Forked
I, IMHO, believe that the legend of the Sword-in-the-Stone originated from the Sarmatian's, who were Eastern European and who had a unit, within the
Roman occupation army, and who were stationed or posted in Western Britain, when it was still a Roman Province. The Sarmatian's fought mainly on
horseback and worshipped an image of a sword-in-a-stone
. As such, this may have been adopted as a theme by the British tribes, who were
influenced by this Sarmatian cutural belief, living in that area where the Sarmatian unit was posted. Accordingly, they may have adopted the Dragon or
the symbolism of the Dragon, which interestingly enough, was one of the images on a legionary unit standard (standard/symbol of a Legion) that was
also stationed there. This, later on, could or may have been incorporated into their British themes/stories/myths/legends of "Pendragon".
Information has it that this legend of Arthur and the Sword is mainly influenced and engrained in Celtic legends. Nonetheless, the symbolism of the
'sword beiing pulled from a/the stone' is very powerful.
had mentioned in my posting of this, that the sword came from the Lady of the Lake. According to myths/legends/stories,
this is true, but
the Lady of the Lake gave the sword to Merlin, who in turn, embedded the Excalibur in the stone so that the one and true king
would be determined by his righteous, indicative of the True King of Britain, and most assurdedly, would be possibly pre-determined or determined by
the sword itself when it was grabbed by the 'One' who attempted to withdraw it from the stone.
[Edited on 3-3-2004 by Seekerof]