SitX has just kicked off and your on foot heading towards your meet-up destination. Trouble is it's gonna take a good few days to get there and
you'll need to sleep sometime.
You've arrived in the middle of a bleak, windswept moor/plain/countryside. Nights approaching and you need to sleep.
You've no tent in your BOB and sleeping in the open won't cut it, the cold wind will keep you awake all night, knackered for the following day.
You've got a fellow survivor with you but he's not got a clue about making a shelter, he says he can watch over you and scout the area while you're
at it and get fire wood.
He's just gone off and you start making a shelter.
This type of shelter is something I was taught in the forces. Basically it's a shallow hole/depression in the ground (see pic) with overhead
shelter from the wind and rain. This is actually not a 'civilian' type of shelter but serves a good purpose foundation for a more permanent shelter
should you have to return later.
You could improve upon it with timbers and rocks to form a drywalls.
If you're lucky you might find a natural depression in the ground, but more than likely you'll have to make one yourself or end up with minimal wind
1. Preferably find a tree, shrub, bush or anything raised you can get a bungee, rope, cord etc around. Pick a site with preferably some raised ground
between you and the wind too.
2. Get your entrenching tool, if you have it, and start digging a square shaped hole opposite the tree with the opposite end from the tree facing into
the wind, if the grounds too hard a pick-axe might be needed to break it up. The quicker you dig the faster it gets dug. Take turns with your buddy
or alternate with one swinging the pick axe, the other the entrenching tool.
Make no mistake this is the toughest part of the process.
Pile up the dirt along the windward edges but be aware it may blow all over the place if its loose.
I've dug one of these in the middle of an English winter and the ground was like rock! If this is the case or time is of the essence it might be
easier to move to step 3.
If its been raining though the moist ground should be easier on you.
2. You can make it as deep as you want (couple of feet+ minimum) but crucially it needs to be big enough for you, your buddy and all your kit.
Here's what one looks like before you get a poncho stretched over it...
That should fit two soldiers with kit and rifles but they'd be packed tight.
For two survivalists it should do fine too. Depends on how big they are really.
3. All you need is a poncho or something waterproof (in a pinch you can use sets of waterproofs etc) and get it tied off from the tree (via bungees
etc) to the the edge of the shell scrape in a slanting manner over the shell scrape and down across the the bottom edge. Use rocks or something heavy
(A waterproofed BOB in a pinch) to keep the bottom end of the ponco down.
Ideally though you want your kit inside the shell scrape at the bottom.
4. Layer out the bottom of the shelter with a ground sheet, pine needles, brush, scrub. Even bunches of twigs if you get enough of them etc. Get a
liner and stuff your doss bag (sleeping bag) in it, lay that down too
5. Put your gear underneath at low point of poncho. Your head at the tree end. The 'foot' of the shelter should now bear the brunt of the wind and
be deflected away along with any rain. It should also be pretty cosy.
When you're buddy gets back from fire wood detail and marvels at your creation throw the stove at him and tell him get knock up some brews. As
you'll be knackered by now
The next day you can strip the shelter and get ready to hit the trail or leave it for another traveler. Depends on the Situ I guess.
Hope you find this useful.
Feel free to add your own shelters to the thread.
There are loads more to learn about :
[edit on 18-5-2008 by WatchRider]