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The memristor was first theorized in 1971 by a math-loving electrical engineer by the name of Leon Chua, and is a word merger (or... "wordger") of "memory" and "resistor". Before now, there were three pillars to conventional electric circuits: the resistor (which produces a voltage drop between two terminals), the capacitor (which can store electricity), and the inductor (which can create a magnetic flux). This new memrister can be seen as the missing 'fourth element' in the development of a new design of the electric circuit. The memrister is capable of changing its resistance between two states, and maintaining these states after being powered down. It "is essentially a resistor with memory," said Stan Williams, of HP Labs.
Details of an entirely new kind of electronic device, which could make chips smaller and far more efficient, have been outlined by scientists.
This could allow researchers to build new kinds of computer memory that would would not require powering up.
Today, most PCs use dynamic random access memory (DRAM) which loses data when the power is turned off.
But a computer built with memristors could allow PCs that start up instantly, laptops that retain sessions after the battery dies, or mobile phones that can last for weeks without needing a charge.
"If you turn on your computer it will come up instantly where it was when you turned it off," Professor Williams told Reuters.
"That is a very interesting potential application, and one that is very realistic."
Early formulation of the theories estimated that the Higgs boson would have mass energy in excess of 1 TeV
The Large Hadron Collider (LHC) is a particle accelerator located at CERN, near Geneva, Switzerland. It lies in a tunnel under France and Switzerland.
The LHC is in the final stages of construction, and commissioning, with some sections already being cooled down to their final operating temperature of ~2K. The first beams are due for injection mid June 2008 with the first collisions planned to take place 2 months later. The LHC will become the world's largest and highest-energy particle accelerator. The LHC is being funded and built in collaboration with over two thousand physicists from thirty-four countries as well as hundreds of universities and laboratories.
When activated, it is theorized that the collider will produce the elusive Higgs boson,
The protons will each have an energy of 7 TeV, giving a total collision energy of 14 TeV