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A mastaba was a flat-roofed, rectangular building with outward sloping sides that marked the burial site of many eminent Egyptians of Egypt's ancient period. Mastabas were constructed out of mud-bricks or stone.
The mastaba was the standard type of tomb in early Egypt (the predynastic and early dynastic periods) for both the pharaoh and the social elite. The ancient Egyptian city of Abydos was the location chosen for many of these early mastabas.
When a mastaba was built for the burial of the Third Dynasty king Djoser, the architect Imhotep enlarged the basic structure to be a square, then built a similar, but smaller, mastaba-like square on top of this, and added a fourth, fifth, and sixth square structure above that. The resulting building is the Step Pyramid, the first of the many pyramid tombs which succeeded it.
So, the Step Pyramid of Djozer was in reality nothing more [absolute not meant to be disparagement] then a number of basic mastaba’s on each other. Djozer c. 2630 - 2612 bc Saqqara
Then in the same time period the famous first bent Pyramid was build. Sneferu c. 2612 - 2589 bc Dashur
Then again, in also the same time period as the famous first bent Pyramid was build, the red pyramid which is the 4th largest pyramid in Egypt after the Giza pyramids. Sneferu c. 2612 - 2589 bc Dashur
Then in the same time period also build by Sneferu
Sneferu c. 2612 - 2589 bc Meidum
Then miraculously some 41 to 50 years after the first one was build from nothing more [absolute not meant to be disparagement] then a number of basic mastaba’s on each other, they are capable to build the absolute biggest one and most complex of all. Khufu c. 2589 - 2566 bc Giza
Immediately after the building of the great Pyramid, and look what the son of Khufu, Djedefre build.
The son of Khufu, Djedefre c. 2566 - 2558 bc Abu Rawash
The same timeframe, and look what whey build then
Khafre c. 2558 - 2532 bcGiza
Emidiatly after that one
Menkaure c. 2532 - 2504 bcGiza
17 years later and on and on it is really a one big mess, how is that possible?
Sahure c. 2487 - 2477 bcAbu Sir
Materials and workforce needed to build the Great pyramid as said by several experts.
A construction management study (testing) carried out by the firm Daniel, Mann, Johnson, & Mendenhall in association with Mark Lehner and other Egyptologists, estimates that the total project required an average workforce of 14,567 people and a peak workforce of 40,000.
The Egyptologists' calculations suggest the workforce could have sustained a rate of 180 blocks per hour (3 blocks/minute) with ten hour work days for putting each individual block in place.
They derived these estimates from construction projects that did not use modern machinery.
Without the use of pulleys, wheels, or iron tools, they surmise the Great Pyramid was completed from start to finish in approximately 10 years.
CAIRO (AFP) - A team of US archaeologists has discovered the ruins of a city dating back to the period of the first farmers 7,000 years ago in Egypt's Fayyum oasis, the supreme council of antiquities said on Tuesday.
"An electromagnetic survey revealed the existence in the Karanis region of a network of walls and roads similar to those constructed during the Greco-Roman period," the council's chief Zahi Hawwas said.
The remnants of the city are "still buried beneath the sand and the details of this discovery will be revealed in due course," Hawwas said.
"The artefacts consist of the remains of walls and houses in terracotta or dressed limestone as well as a large quantity of pottery and the foundations of ovens and grain stores," he added.
The remains date back to the Neolithic period between 5,200 and 4,500 BC.