reply to post by ShiftTrio
I feel that there were at least 4 separate routes that early humans used to get to North America, 3 by sea 1 by land.
If you look at the whole of the evidence it clearly points to people coming into North America from europe, asia and ploynesia.
The land bridge brought people who had lived in the forests of siberia, and their arrow points and hunting nets, clearly indicate a people who
hunted small forest animal, birds sqirrels and the like, large game like dear and elk were prey of opportunity.
They brought with them their dogs, themselves decendants of siberian forest dwellers, wolves.
The other group of people to come the asiatic mainland came by water, following the coast and the margins of the sea ice as they worked thier way
fishing and hunting marine mammals.
There is a site on catalina island, of the coast of Ca, that is some 12,000 years old.
So by 10,000 bc they had made it to catalina island, even then with lower sea level, still an island.
The site is also on the seaward side of the island, and show's evidence of fishing for open ocean fish.
At the same time people were doing the same thing from europe, following the coast and ice. They to hunted sea mammals and fished as well, but they
started as big game hunters and only adapted as the climate changed.
They spread to western side of the atlantic, hunting seal and whales, and fished for cod.
When they moved inland and went back big game hunting, they brought with them their harpoon like spears and distinctive points.
Much has been made about the clovis and related points, but I think most anthropologists have missed the point, so to speak, on the whole system of
the clovis spearhead.
The point was fixed to a wood or bone stub shaft, that was in turn fixed to a longer wooden shaft in such a way that the tub shaft detached from the
It is said that this was so that the point could be lodged in the game and a new one reloaded into the shaft for a second strike.
A a secondary benefit, the real reason, in my opinion, is that stone s easy to come by in a glacial environment, but a good staight peice of wood is
a gift from the gods.
They could sit around and make points when ever they felt like, but finding straight peices of wood in an enviromnent where trees are far and few
between is not easy.
And since the point was expendable it became a good trade item for the others they ran into asa they spread westward.
The site at monte verde is very old and there is some evidence that point to a polynesian connection. And there are pottery samples from south
america that are identical to pottery made i japan 10,000 years ago.