"Originally posted by Bigwhammy"
James the Just, the leader of the Church in Jerusalem and brother of Jesus, was thrown down more than a hundred feet from the southeast
pinnacle of the Temple when he refused to deny his faith in Christ. When they discovered that he survived the fall, his enemies beat James to death
with a fuller's club. This was the same pinnacle where Satan had taken Jesus during the Temptation.
There are several people named "James" in the New Testament and early Christian history, and it is uncertain which, if any, should be identified
with this apostle. He is often identified with the "James the Less" mentioned in Mark 15:40 as the son of Mary and Clopas, which is fairly
uncontroversial. However, the Catholic church also identifies him with James, the brother of Jesus, which is not widely accepted by Eastern Orthodox
and Protestant churches. If this identification is correct, the Jewish historian Josephus says that James was stoned by the Pharisees. This is
seconded by Hippolytus. However, other sources say that James son of Alphaeus was martyred by crucifixion in Egypt. I'm not sure if I have the right
James here or not. There are so many, but again it's all in conflicting reports.
source for egyptian death
James the Greater, a son of Zebedee, was a fisherman by trade when Jesus called him to a lifetime of ministry. As a strong leader of the
Church, James was ultimately beheaded at Jerusalem. The Roman soldier who guarded James watched amazed as James defended his faith at his trial.
Later, the officer walked beside James to the place of execution. Overcome by conviction, he declared his new faith to the judge and knelt beside
James to accept beheading as a Christian.
Probably one of the best accounts of a Martyr. Sentenced to death by Herod. The debatable point here isnt that he was killed for his faith, but that
he died willingly as the Biblical account does not tell us that. The story was embellished with that information in the 5th century by church
historian Eusebius when he quoted an earlier, lost work by Clement of Alexandria which allegedly claims that James' calm demeanor at trial
sufficiently impressed one of his accusers to convert him
Bartholomew, also known as Nathanael, was a missionary to Asia. He witnessed about our Lord in present day Turkey. He was whipped to death for
his preaching in Armenia.
According to the third-century bishop Hippolytus, he was crucified in Armenia. Another story claims he was beheaded in India on the orders of King
Astreges, who belonged to a demon-worshipping cult. Some traditions add that he was flayed alive before, or instead of, suffering either of these two
fates. The New Advent encyclopedia says the manner of his death is "uncertain", and adds that other than his name, "Nothing further is known of
Crucified in Armenia
Demonic Cult Beheding
Thomas was speared and died on one of his missionary trips to establish the Church in India.
Tradition holds that he was sent to India to preach, where he was killed by being stabbed with a spear. This claim is made by local Indian Christians
and an apocryphal gospel called the Acts of Thomas, which Eusebius dismissed as spurious and heretical. The New Advent encyclopedia says that "Little
is recorded" of Thomas' life, and that "it is difficult to discover any adequate support" for the tradition of his death in India. It also notes
that the Acts of Thomas presents Thomas as the twin brother of Jesus, which is not accepted by Christians today or in the past and seems to be a
Christian/Gnostic-themed variation of a pagan salvation cult that followed twin gods
Again, taking part of the Apocryphal writings that have been called heretical and accepting the part where it makes Martyrs our of these men, but
tossing the book and writing aside when it takes a stance that isnt accepted by what the current thinking is. You cant have it both ways.
Jude, another brother of Jesus, was killed with arrows after refusing to deny his faith in Christ.
More conflicting traditions. It is often said that he went with Simon to preach in Armenia, though New Advent says this legend is a late development
not mentioned by contemporary historians of that region. The Catholic Patron Saints Index says he was clubbed to death; however, the apocryphal Acts
of Thaddeus says he died naturally. Still another account says he was crucified (source). No reliable written sources seem to exist to corroborate any
Patron Saints Index
Acts of Thaddius
Matthias, the Apostle chosen to replace the traitor Judas Iscariot, was stoned and beheaded.
According to the 14th-century historian Nicephorus, Matthias died by crucifixion in Colchis. Alternatively, the 17th-century historian
Louis-Sébastien Le Nain de Tillemont says that he was stoned and then beheaded in Jerusalem. According to the New Advent Catholic encyclopedia,
"all... information concerning the life and death of Matthias is vague and contradictory". Many apocryphal sources confuse Matthias and Matthew.
Before I run out of room, I'll close by saying there is very little evidence for this 'mass martyrdom' that you guys seem to be so quick to jump on
the bandwagon for. Of the Christians who were murdered, no one seems to agree on how, when,why, or if they died willingly to support their religion (a
MUST to be considered a martyr). Many traveled to other countries to evangelize and possibly were murdered for any number of reasons, none of which
would have made them martyrs.
[edit on 26-2-2008 by pavlovsdog]
[edit on 26-2-2008 by pavlovsdog]