posted on Feb, 14 2004 @ 10:30 PM
The question is: what caused the erosion of the body?
There are two possible causes:
Possible weathering by wind and sand.
Since the body of the Sphinx is located in a hollow, it takes less than twenty years to fill the hollow and cover the body totally. The Sphinx has
been covered, for most of its time, by sand since the time it was created thousands of years ago. Therefore the Sphinx was not subject to weathering
exposure to wind and sand, instead it was actually protected from such natural elements. Additionally, the concave shape of the corrugation cannot be
the result of wind and sand storms.
Possible water erosion.
Most scholars have resigned themselves to the fact that the water caused the erosion to the body of the Sphinx. Geologists agree that Egypt was
subject to severe flooding, at the end of the last Ice Age, c. 15,000-10,000 BCE.
So, if the erosion was caused by water, the Sphinx must have been carved before Egypt was under water i.e. more than 12,000 years ago. This, in turn,
is too radical for scholars to swallow, as they prefer not to change their theory that Khafra (Chephren) built the Sphinx. As a result, those
unfamiliar with scientific principles, suggested that the ground water, and not direct flooding, caused such erosion.