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Naval Research: The Sun - Inflows
Astronomers spend a lot of time studying what flows away from the Sun, such as supercharged particles, hot gases, light, heat, and other types of energy. [...] Now scientists believe that by studying material that flows into the Sun, they can better understand what comes out of the Sun.
The inflowing material was not discovered until 1997, when researchers studying images from the Large-Angle Spectrometric Coronagraph (LASCO) onboard the SOHO satellite noticed gas moving toward the Sun at speeds of 31 to 62 miles per second (50 to 100 km/s). The gas was somehow moving against the powerful solar wind, which, at this distance from the Sun carries material outward at 75 miles per second (120 km/s).
SOHO’s latest surprise: Gas near the Sun heading the wrong way
Mysterious clouds of gas [NOT gas: they mean Plasma] falling towards the Sun have been spotted with the ESA-NASA SOHO spacecraft. They go against the fast-moving streams of gas [Plasma!] that pour out continuously into space, in the solar wind.
In today’s issue of Astrophysical Journal Letters, the scientists who found them suggest that the inflows are due to frequent local adjustments to the Sun’s magnetic field. The discovery promises a better understanding of the sources of the solar magnetism that envelops the Earth, quarrels with our own planet’s field, and to some extent protects us from cosmic rays coming from the stars.
LASCO. The inward flowing gas clouds [“gas clouds”; Not gas; Plasma] have been found in images collected since 1996 by the Large Angle and Spectrometric Coronagraph instrument aboard SOHO. Altogether, some 8,000 inflow events have been logged. Most have been seen since 1998 during a time when the Sun has been at its most active with the highest number of sunspots.
Remarkable images of a “solar tsunami” spreading across the face of the Sun have been captured by a pair of spacecraft.
The tsunami of superheated gas [WRONG. ARRGGGHH. I give up! its made of electrically conducting plasma, just like the rest of the sun is made of], caused by a huge explosion known as a coronal mass ejection, took only 35 minutes to cross almost the entire Sun.
[...] However, there is another familiar form of atmospheric electric discharge that does scale appropriately and could explain the mysterious dark cores of penumbral filaments. It is the tornado! Tornadoes, like the one pictured here, last for minutes and can have a diameter of the order of one kilometre. Scale those figures up 100 times and we match penumbral filaments very well. And if the circulating cylinder of plasma is radiating heat and light, as we see on the Sun, then the solar 'tornado' will appear, side on, to have a dark core.
The key to understanding tornadoes is that they are the result of rapidly rotating electric charge. Just as electrons are the current carriers in the copper wires we use for power transmission, so they are in the tornado. The BIG difference is that the electrons are moving at many metres per second in the tornado while they take several hours to move one metre in copper wire [...]
Timothy E. Eastman
Cosmology & Process Philosophy in Dialogue, Oct. 5-8, 2006
Claremont School of Theology, Claremont, California
No Final Answers in the Final Frontier
Major progress has been achieved in space science in the past half century, especially now with in-situ observations of space plasmas and space-based platforms for solar physics and astrophysics. [....]
However, new and challenging observational results and, for a growing number of scientists, persistent problems with BB hypotheses have encouraged research in alternative cosmological models. Although my own field is space plasma physics, I have taken some time in the past two years to evaluate such claims and counter-claims. My tentative conclusion is that there is no current model in physical cosmology that adequately meets all key observations – thus my “cosmic agnosticism.” This paper calls attention to this ongoing scientific debate without going into details. For those scholars in philosophy and religion who use research results in physical cosmology, I recommend caution and encourage the recognition at least that such debate exists and is part of ongoing research.
With new observational results coming available, there are possibilities arising for definitive tests and falsification instances for cosmology models. Continuing limitations of modern cosmology include the following:
• Lack of a unified field theory; debates about string theory, loop quantum gravity theory, and other approaches illustrate this continuing debate (see Smolin, 2001).
• The means for experimental test are exceeded by the proliferation of theories of gravity (see “gravitation” and “bimetric theory” entries at Wikipedia); however, new results from NASA’s Gravity Probe B, to be available in 2007, will provide a serious test for many such theories, including Einstein’s; see einstein.stanford.edu...)
• Like geology and unlike particle physics, cosmology is intrinsically an historical science and lacks direct experimental testing for many key hypotheses.
• Data in cosmology are limited to remotely sensed photons; there is no direct, in situ measurement as in space physics or planetary science.
• Most existing cosmology models focus on only one long-range force field (gravity) and ignore potential long-range effects of electromagnetism and plasmas.
These observational results will inevitably be contested by BB proponents. Any reader who knows about any critical problem in the analysis methodology is requested to advise the author of this survey paper; the same request applies to all other research results reported here.
On this last point, it is well known that electromagnetism is very effectively shielded out, which allows gravity to generally dominate over long scale lengths. Nevertheless, electromagnetism and plasmas can still be significant because:
“By definition, plasmas are an interactive mix of charged particles, neutrals, and fields that exhibits collective effects. In plasmas, charged particles are subject to long-range, collective Coulomb interactions with many distant encounters. Although the electrostatic force drops with distance (~1/r2), the combined effect of all charged particles might not decay because the interacting volume increases as r3. Magnetic field effects are often global with their connections reaching to galactic scales and beyond” (Goedbloed and Poedts, 2004).
The potential importance of electromagnetism and plasmas is indicated by the rapidly growing field of plasma astrophysics (see links and references at www.plasmas.org...). As one example of its significance for altering conventional assumptions, Kundt (2005) shows in detail how observed signatures of existing “black-hole” candidates can be more effectively interpreted as neutron star magnetospheres with accretion disks or neutron star binaries. Efforts to assess the potential impact of the new plasma astrophysics on cosmology issues are just beginning (e.g., Peratt, 1995).
Originally posted by Steven T
Hey guys... How does electric cosmology address things like cosmic background radiation and nucleosynthesis?
I very much like the ideas proposed in plasma cosmology, but there are a couple things that just entered my head and don't seem to make much sense. Plasma cosmology requires nucleosynthesis. More gamma and X rays would be seen than what we are observing?
Would love to see this discussion start back up again.