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Big pharma has some new customers. Not complying with authority is now, in many cases, labeled a disease. For a generation now, disruptive young Americans who rebel against authority figures have been increasingly diagnosed with mental illnesses and medicated with psychiatric (psychotropic) drugs.
Disruptive young people who are medicated with Ritalin, Adderall and other amphetamines routinely report that these drugs make them "care less" about their boredom, resentments and other negative emotions, thus making them more compliant and manageable. And so-called atypical antipsychotics such as Risperdal and Zyprexa -- powerful tranquilizing drugs -- are increasingly prescribed to disruptive young Americans, even though in most cases they are not displaying any psychotic symptoms.
Two ways of subduing defiance are to criminalize it and to pathologize it, and U.S. history is replete with examples of both. In the same era that John Adams' Sedition Act criminalized criticism of U.S. governmental policy, Dr. Benjamin Rush, the father of American psychiatry (his image adorns the APA seal), pathologized anti-authoritarianism. Rush diagnosed those rebelling against a centralized federal authority as having an "excess of the passion for liberty" that "constituted a form of insanity." He labeled this illness "anarchia."
It would certainly be a dream of Big Pharma and those who favor an authoritarian society if every would-be Tom Paine -- or Crazy Horse, Tecumseh, Emma Goldman or Malcolm X -- were diagnosed as a youngster with mental illness and quieted with a lifelong regimen of chill pills.
The question is: Has this dream become reality?
The effects were revealed in a survey in which more than 90% of medical residents acknowledged that drug company marketing influenced their decisions about medications.
The fact is, the pharmaceutical industry influences the entire health care system. For example, most continuing medical education courses that doctors take to maintain their licensing are underwritten by the drug industry. In 2002, the Wall Street Journal published an article titled "When doctors go to class, industry often foots the bill: Lectures tend to feature pills made by course sponsors." The article stated:
Doctors are learning a lot more about medical conditions that can be treated with expensive brand-name drugs and less [about] subjects from which manufacturers can't profit. ... Many physicians view industry sponsored courses -- even those that follow the rules -- as verging on infomercials.
Originally posted by Fuzzyone
In the classroom, it it often a fine line distinction between the disruptive student and the student who asks too many questions. The difference is usually determined by the teacher, who is, coincidentally, the person whose authority is being challenged by the behavior.
Anytime you allow those in power to determine the validity of the criticism directed toward them you are flirting with tyranny.