“The HAARP facility, currently under development in Alaska, is the outgrowth of more than 30 years of ionosheric heating research. A wealth of experimental studies conducted at ionospheric heating installations, such as the ones in Arecibo, Puerto Rica, Tromso, Norway, Fairbanks, Alaska, and several installations in the former USSR brought the understanding of the physics and the phenomenology of the HF-ionosphere interactions to a new plateau.
In 1990 in major workshop sponsored by the Office of Naval Research and the AIR Force Research Laboratory, and with representation from the National Science Foundation, took place in New London, Connecticut. The workshop, attended by more than 60 representatives from key science, technology, applications areas, defined the operation requirements of the next HF ionospheric transmitter and presented the rationale that led to the HAARP.
It was concluded that an HF transmitter located in the auroral zone, with ground power three times larger than the one at Tromso and operationally enhanced with the flexibility provided by the most advanced phased array and software technology, would provide the nation with unprecedented capability to locally control the state of the ionosphere. The workshop endorsed the HAARP transmitter as the cornerstone of the transition from ionospheric research to technology and application.
GEOSPACE & HAARP SCIENCE - Snippet -
The Sun controls and shapes the three major regions of Geospace (the magnetosphere; the ionosphere; and the atmosphere); these regions interact with each other and form a chain connecting the Earth to the Sun. Disturbances from the Sun spread via solar winds and solar radiation which spread through the chain and ultimately influence the weather; climate; and communications (radio etc). The clouds and the Earth’s surface play a critical role in this chain, which is finely tuned to be in a delicate equilibrium with life on Earth
The polar ionosphere located above the Arctic is of particular significance due to the magnetic field lines traversing this region connect directly to the solar winds (a stream of charged particles). Furthermore, the solar winds functioning as a conductor creates an electric generator similar to that of a conventional generator (electricity generated whilst a conductor rotates or moves across as magnetic field).
The current generated by a solar wind is guided by the magnetic field, you are then able to “close” the electric circuit by traversing the polar ionosphere. This is known as the Auroral Electrodynamic Circuit and carries towards the Earth 0.1 to 1 million MegaWatts of power (equivalent to 100 to 1000 large power plants). The energy is dissipated in the polar ionosphere and transferred to the mesosphere, driving complex photochemical and plasma-physical processes. A fraction of this energy appears as the aurora borcalis.
LIST OF GRAPHS & DIAGRAMS
- Impact of solar winds on Earth’s magnetosphere page 4 of PDF.
- Schematic representation of atmosphere and the ionosphere and effects of solar radiation and subsequent waveforms (IR, Radio, etc) page 5 of
- Rough drawing of HF Link using ionosphere reflection and transionospheric communication paths page 6 of PDF.
- Basic working drawing of a conventional generator and the comparable interaction of solar winds with Earth’s magnetic field page 7 of
- Diagram of the positive and negative terminals of Earth’s naturally occurring generator page 7 of PDF.
- Graph of HAARP’s transmitter frequency ranges including the effects if coupled with the ionosphere as an active medium page 8 of PDF.
- List of HAARP’s Unique Features page 9 of PDF.
- List of HAARP’s Acquisitions and Diagnostic Instrumentation page 9 of PDF.
- Diagram of ULF/ELF/VLF waves created by ionospheric demodulation of amplitude or frequency modulated HF signals from the HAARP transmitter page
11 of PDF.
- Diagram of HF power from the HAARP transmitter and the effect on the ionosphere page 11 of PDF
- Graph one shows naturally occurring Magnetic field spectrum of low frequency waves; Graph two shows Magnetic field spectra produced by modified HF
interacting with the ionosphere page 12 of PDF.
- Diagram of expected coverage from HAARP at 100Hz. The coverage increases faster than linearly with decreasing frequency page 13 of
- Diagram of precipitation of radiation belts particles induced by injection of low-frequency waves page 13 of PDF.
- Summary chart of HAARP applications and parameters that can be probed when operating as a tunable LF transmitter page 14 of PDF.
- Chart of the HAARP as a radar probing the auroral atmosphere and summary chart of HAARP applications and parameters page 15 of PDF.
- Diagram of artificial airglow excited by High Power radio waves & a diagram of HAARP as an IR diagnostics instrument of the atmosphere page 16
- Overview chart of basic research page 17 of PDF
- Overview of three modes of operation for the HAARP heater page 18 of PDF
*Page 9 includes a list of HAARP’s Unique Features (current plan), acquisitions and diagnostic instrumentation.
*Mentions that “increased reliance on space-based electromagnetic systems requires not only monitoring of the global ionospheric state, but also an examination of the impact that controlled local modifications in the vicinity of transionosheric paths can have on these systems” page 8 of PDF.
*Last page of PDF includes glossary of acronyms used throughout