*I would first like to draw attention to the subject matter and the catagory of which I have posted it. Crop circles themselves should go into the
paranormal or alien threads, but as since this is to be intended as an educational or researchable thread, I am hoping that in learning, it would be
*Secondly, I would like to accredit this thread to JAMMERMAN, for it was (s)he who posted this idea in the thread "When did crop circles first
appear", or words to that extent... also, couldn't find "ice circles" or "sand circles" on the ATS search, so this does contain new and relevant
*Third, as a disclaimer, I am neither in favor of, nor against, crop circles. To me, there is plenty of proof on both sides of the issue, and I leave
it strickly to the readers and posters to decide for themselves.
* * * * * * * *
The ideas and shapes of crop circles is not a modern art; in fact, the basics of crop circles have been recorded since the early 13th century in
Britian. It wasn't until recently, with private aircraft, that crop circles have attained their mystic and thought- consuming attention. The modern
era of crop circles began in the 1970's, with the reputed forming of these circles by two eldery men, who struck upon this idea while in an English
Spiritualists to extra-terrestial believers have all flocked to the circles, each with their own ideas and agendas, and their own creators. These
crop circles have been accredited to the likes of Satan, God, angels, demons, aliens, and as proven on the Discovery Channel, a group of five students
from MIT. But first, let us talk about the crop circles and their patterns.
Crop circles began as simply circles, plain and simple in design. Wether Satan himself stood inside while his minions and worshippers danced around
him, or a flying saucer beamed patterns to be seen by us, the circles remained just that; circles. Usually, these circles are said to lay on the
infamous ley lines, pathways of energy connecting ancient temples around the globe.
Increasingly, however, crop circles have taken greater design and form, from spirals, to multiple circles, stars, three dimensional renditions using
various degrees of "crop shading". In one example, there has been a report of a crop circle which, when first examined, appears to be a series of
cubes piled ontop each other in a triangle shape; further inspection revieled that the cubes contained circles, which contained triangles, all visible
at diferent light levels.
Crop circles, when man-made, can be creqated simply with any length of twine, and a two x four board secured to a foot, and two people (one being the
marker, the other the maker). Not going into detail, but the process is a simple one: one man holds one end of the rope, the other holds the other
end, and walks around. Different patterns can be made using different lengths or rope.
A more modern concept, which can be used to create greatly detailed shapes, is the use of a computer running a fractal program or a CAD designer, and
a GPS system. This way, you can predetermine what shape you are going to make, use a blueprint, and always know if you are on track.
On the Discovery Channel, the people at Discovery brought a challenge to five students at MIT: design and build for us a crop circle so that it
completly resembles a "real" circle. The qualifications for a real circle are as follows:
1. The stalks of crop cannot be broken, but bent in a symmetrical fashion and level.
2. There must be microwave implosions within key stalks; several crop circles have had stalks which contained pocket explosions... enough to swell
the stalk, but not enough to pop.
3. There most be, within the circle formation, iron deposites, no larger than grains of sand, which are ionized; this, too, is something only found
in authentic circles versus man-made.
4. The pattern must be made at night, for there have been no records of a daytime creation.
5. The time for such a creation must be under 5 hours... reports of a bare field having circles made in 5 hours or less are very common.
The students began their challenge by reating a formation, consisting of a curved triangle within a circle, attached to a long pathway, with a smaller
circle on the end (this was an arial view of a campus building, the walkway, and water fountian).
I won't describe the whole show, just the major details and facts: the students did indeed create their circle, barely in time. They used a
computer, GPS, night vision goggles, a portable microwave generating "gun" which emitted micro-waves, a modified wet cannon which shot iron pellets
through an ion-izing ring (with a flame attachment).
As a personal note... how many people around the world own the hardware as used by these students, not to mention the experience or knowledge to
create and build microwave guns or ion shooters?
I love seeing the crop circles. To me, there are some which, when viewed, gives an emotional ride of awe, much as would a great painting or song. I
am an artist, and know that the only thing seperating man from animal is the ability to bring out emotions from another by simply uttering a word, or
drawing a picture. There are crop circles which do that... that is art, in its purest forms. There are those crop circles, too, which resemble
Elvis, or Washington, that are not art... but that is splitting hairs. Whoever did any of those types of circles are artists.
Then there are those types of circles that hold mathmatical properties. Outward growing spirals, in direct proportions and ratios, the squares within
circles within triangles, complex arrangements of angles and ratios. Scientists or CAD programs could be given credit for these as well, but there is
so much more...
Mainly, the fact that crop circles are not limited to crops
Recently discovered are the enigmas of ice circles. These range in three distinct patterns:
1. a perfect circle scratched onto an ice covered body of water.
2. circles formed wings of snow on the ice, with no snow around anywhere else.
3. A circle or pattern UNDER the ice.
These, too, could be explained away with the simple man/rope/knife... if used for the scratched circle. Or by looking at my frost covered window as I
type, delicate patterns of ferns and curves sprouting all over. But what of the snow rings with no snow anywhere to be seen? Or the circles under
the ice flows?
And, too, the sightings of sand circles; these are similiar in shape and style to crop circles, but here is a problem. Sand, unlike rows of corn,
leaves marks or trails where someone stepped.
Crop circles are one of those things where both sides are right, and yet both are wrong. There is so much proof and evidence showing how crop circles
can be made naturally (wind patterns, electro-static discharges in the atmosphere, people) and the same number of evidence in favor of circles being
extra-terrestrial in nature (time constraints with complex forms, mathmatical properties, reports and photographs of floating glowing spheres above
freshly made circles, ionized iron, burst stalks), and the spiritualists have their say as well (auras, energy transferrs, mystic properties).
Anyone, and everyone, will see what they want to see in a crop circle, which to me is great. To define and label such acts, to expect and demand that
there is a natural and scientific explaination, or to show and prove that aliens are writing signs for us, takes away from us the mystery, the beauty,
of these circles.
For further reading, check these links:
This is entitled "Report on an Ice Circle in NE Utah", by the National Institute for Discovery Science
this is a good link homepage, with many informative side links on various subjects
A Canadian internet-based newsletter, it provides links to published newprint articles
for the UFO believers
this is an excellent site, going into great detail on the various aspects of crop circles and their meanings of design
an entry in the Skeptic Dictionary, contains links for those against crop circles being extra-terrestrial
As stated earlier, I am neither for or against crop circles; I simply enjoy looking and seeing them. I am not trying to make a case for or against.
I am trying to bring the information of crop circles as an unbiased informant.
People, both the novice and the expert, could argue their points back and forth until each passed out because of lack of oxygen. Each side has valid
points, proofs, and counter points.
But one thing should be mentioned here: where is the media attention on the ice circles? I have only seen one television spot on this formation, all
3 minutes of it on a two hour documentary. Sand circles I have not heard about until JAMMERMAN mentioned them. Is it because crop circles are easier
to make, and thus easier to discredit? Or is it because to give attention that these circles appear where they shouldn't, does that give creditance
to the UFO's?
All in all, take and learn what you wish, discover for yourself. Thank you.