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U.S. Arms Exports
In 2001, total world arms transfer agreements were worth nearly $26.4 billion. The United States led the world with 45.8% of all such agreements. There are two primary channels through which U.S. arms manufacturers sell weaponry to foreign countries: Foreign Military Sales (FMS)and Direct Commercial Sales (DCS).
Foreign Military Sales: These are sales of U.S. weapons, spare parts, construction, and related services purchased by foreign governments via the U.S. Department of State . [Data covers actual deliveries of military equipment or services.]
FY2001 total: $12.2 billion (deliveries)
$13.1 billion (new contracts)
FY2000 total: $10.5 billion
$11.4 billion (new contracts)
Direct Commercial Sales: These transfers are negotiated directly between the U.S. manufacturing company and the foreign buyers, and approved by the Department of State through the issuance of an export license.
FY2001 totals: $36.3 billion in licenses issued
$821.1 million in estimated deliveries*
FY2000 totals: $55.3 billion in licenses issued
$477.6 million in estimated deliveries*
*note: delivery numbers are only preliminary estimates.