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a chemist at Bayer AG, Germany, investigated the use of organophosphates as insecticides. However, the German military prevented the use of organophosphates as insecticides and instead developed an arsenal of chemical warfare agents (ie, tabun, sarin, soman). A fourth agent, VX, was synthesized in England a decade later.
The symptoms — lesions in the lungs and hemorrhaging in the heart wall
"They have found VX and EA2192 in higher concentrations than it showed when they first got the material out of the reactor, which means that some time between the reaction and their sampling of these tankers, VX and EA2192 are either reforming or concentrating in a higher concentration or something, but it is there," Williams told reporters outside the courthouse.
What does VX look like?
It is an odorless and tasteless oily liquid that is amber in
color. It is very slow to evaporate, about as slow as motor
oil. If it is heated to very high temperatures, it can be turned
into small amounts of vapor (gas).
ISSUE: The effects on humans resulting from the exposure to low doses of chemical
agents, particularly organophosphorous (nerve) agents, are not clearly understood.
SOLUTION: During FY00, DoD established the Low Level Chemical Warfare Agent
Working Group (LLCWG), which was chartered to provide advice on the research
programs to understand the health effects of exposure to low-level chemical warfare agents,
to prevent unnecessary duplication of research efforts, and to focus and direct scientific
investigations to address operational issues. The LLCWG has developed the Low-Level
Chemical Warfare Agents Exposure Research Master Plan, which addresses research on
potential operationally relevant performance decrements and delayed adverse health effects
associated with low-level exposures to chemical warfare agents. It builds upon, refines, and
updates the May 1999 Strategy and provides more detail on research.
• Characterize concentration-time (Ct) relationships for low-level/longer time CWA
• Identify alternative, but physiologically significant, toxicological endpoints
• Conduct appropriate integration studies linking experimental data sets with predictive
human health effect assessments.
In this Phase I SBIR program, Infoscitex proposes the development of an assay using Acetylcholinesterase-Bacteriorhodopsin Conjugates (ABCs) that will provide deployed personnel with the ability to assess organophosphate levels in water.
4.2.2 Persistent Nerve Agent VX
The nerve agent VX is only detectable during unstable conditions, such as might be
experienced during a fine day with little wind. Under these conditions detectable
concentrations exist for up to 5 hours, but only within 500 metres of the release.
Maximum concentrations for VX under neutral and stable conditions vary from 0.06
mg/m3 for neutral conditions and 50 metres AGL to less than 0.0001 mg/m3 at 100
metres AGL under stable conditions.
Unstable conditions usually occur
on a clear, fine day with low wind speed and result in fast dispersion of material.
Neutral conditions were modelled as a cloudy day with high wind speeds. A clear night
with low wind speeds usually result in relatively stable conditions and very slow
dissipation of the vapour hazard.
22.214.171.124. Interactions of CWAs with Aluminum Oxide
..Was a test subject in the Shipboard Hazard And Defense(SHAD)tests.I was in operation "scarlet Sage" and operation "Purple Sage" which took place from Jan.'66 to March '66.These test sprayed us with a bacteriological agent as well as a substance that mimicked nerve gas.Went to WESTPAC in Sept.'66 .Yankee station with the Carriers Franklin D.Roosevelt and Coral Sea....
Originally posted by stompk
What can we do?
Build green houses. Grow our food indoors. Wear masks in protests. Cause them to either come forward with the truth, or we should exorcise our constitutional ammendment rights, and abolish the government.
That whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new Government, laying its foundation on such principles and organizing its powers in such form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their Safety and Happiness