posted on Jan, 17 2009 @ 01:45 PM
Originally posted by The Last Man on Earth
Ultimately I have found that nothing the Muslim world claims for itself was absent from Ancient Greece, but there's nothing at all wrong with
adopting technology from other civilizations, so what difference does it make?
And ultimately, are discoveries like this due to the person being a Muslim, or the person being a genius? Was Archimedes great because he was Greek,
or was he great because he was Archimedes?
Much of the Greco-Roman achievements were lost after the fall of the Rome or the reign of Justinian after he destroyed the Library of Alexandria.
After emerging from Arabia the Muslims began assembling the greatest center of knowledge since the Library of Alexandria. It was called Bait al-Hikma
or the House of Wisdom.
Here they brought works from India, Persia, and Greek texts saved from the Byzantines. Scholars who were persecuted by the Byzantines came here. All
of these works were translated into Arabic. The Muslims brought papermaking back from China and began mass production of these works.
What most people in the West don't realize is that the Renaissance began in Baghdad. The revival of Greco Roman concepts and knowledge was initiated
at the House of Wisdom.
Now here is the real interesting part. Had the Crusades not happened, that revival and much of the knowledge regained would of been lost. The
Crusaders helped bring much of that revived knowledge and advancement back to Europe. If they had not helped bring that knowledge back to Europe, it
would of all been lost in 1258 when the Mongols invaded and razed Baghdad with the House of Wisdom.
With the collapse of the Caliphate and the rise of the Turkish Sultans, education and knowledge stagnated. The Turks were more worried about fighting
than advancing civilization. Under Turkish rule the Arab world stagnated until the 20th century, when the Ottoman empire fell.
The Caliphate at its pinnacle before the Mongol invasion was the most advanced civilization on earth. With its fall, the torch of learning and
advancement was passed on to Europe.
[edit on 17/1/09 by MikeboydUS]