Filippo Michele Buonarroti.
He apparently received that dubious title by none other than the father of Anarchism, Mikhail Bakunin.
He lived from 1761-1837, was the descendant of Michaelango Buonarroti's brothers, was a Jacobin bureaucrat, co-conspirator in the Conspiracy of
Equals with Babeuf, and agitated to creat a group called the "Sublime and Perfect Masters of the World", which intended to supersede and coordinate
all secret societies in the world
, starting with the Italian societies.
Buonarroti's Sublimes also wanted to establish a New Jerusalem amidst the revolutionary chaos. The authorities in europe tried to break up the
organization, and failed for a long time unitl one member was caught while acting as a courrier, carrying documents from within the organization's
Inner Sanctum, a situation that is nearly identical to the breaking up of the Illuminati in Bavaria not so many years previous.
The Conspiracy of Equals
, of which he was three coordinators
along with Babeuf, tried to overthrow the Directory (which, it should be noted, had superseded the calamnity that was the Reign of Terror) and
establish a dicatatorship in France which would do away with private property. Babeuf was possibly the Illuminati operative code named "Gracchus"
(Weishaupt was Spartacus, Knigge was Philo, Zwack was Cato, etc). The Conspiracy of
established yet another revolutionary newspaper, the "Tribun du Peuple". After the governmnet shut this group down, members formed
"Insurrection Committees", and plotted to overthrow the government by insinuiating members into the army, police, and bureaucracy. Intruigingly,
this was to be done through Twelve Agents.
Buonarroti was possibly of ancient Etruscan stock, a people who created a confederacy of city-state republics and kingdoms when the romans were little
more than a group of thugs living on ununified hilltop settlements. The family had found an
that was kept at their villa of an Etruscan noble/warrior.
The family also makes claims to the Merovingian line through Matilda of Tuscany, 'The Grande
. Note also that the family had connections to various humanists during the renaissance, such as
himself being a student of Francesco da Urbino.
was an agitator while at University, publishing a radical student newspaper
called "Gazetta Universale". He went to Corsica to organized support for the French Revolution, which he did through a newspaper called "Giornale
Patriottico di Corsica", which was the first Italian language paper to side with the Revolutionaries. He apparently supported Robespierre's Reign
of Terror during the revolution, to the point that the Thermidorian Reaction arrested and imprisoned him when it defeated the Reign of Terror.
was one of Buonarrati's ardent followers. He was also a member of the radical
secret society, the Carbonari. He is attributed with the social theory of Blanquism
, in which a
"socialist revolution should be carried out by a relatively small group of highly organised and secretive conspirators". He himself organized
multiple violent demonstrations against the succession of governments, popular and otherwise, that occured in France, and even breifly seized power on
the anniversary of the ascension of Romulus Augustulus to the emperorship of Rome, October 31 (also, this is Halloween in the United States).
Ironically, this agitator went apoplectic and died following a revolutionary speech in Paris.
[edit on 11-2-2007 by Nygdan]