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07/02/2007 16:54 TEHRAN, February 7 (RIA Novosti) - Iran has successfully tested the TOR-M1 air defense missile system recently supplied by Russia, the Iranian news agency ISNA said, citing the Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps responsible for national nuclear forces.
The tests were part of military exercises that began in southern Iran Wednesday after Russia completed the delivery of 29 TOR-M1 anti-aircraft missile systems to Iran in late January under a $700 million contract signed at the end of 2005.
Russia's weapons supplies alarmed the United States, which imposed new sanctions on the Russian government's official arms dealer Rosoboronexport and on two other companies for the sale of TOR-M1 to the Islamic Republic. Rosoboronexport faced sanctions for arms sales to Iran and Syria twice last year.
The sanctions imposed against the Rosoboronexport State Corporation and Sukhoi Company on August 4, 2006 by the U.S. Department of State, cause us extreme concern and misunderstanding. The alleged infringements incriminated to our Corporation for violation of the American internal law on the “Iran Non-proliferation Act” of 2000, that is aimed at preventing the spread of weapons of mass destruction to Iran, have noting to do with the Rosoboronexport arms exports activities. The Corporation, as is well known, does not deal with the aforesaid types of weapons and their components. As to the Sukhoi aircraft manufacturer, the Company had not sold equipment to Iran since the 1990s.
It should be emphasized that in our cooperation with Iran (the state, which is not a subject to the rule of international sanctions), we strictly adhere to the intergovernmental agreements, and do limit our relations by supplying exclusively defensive weapons. Many foreign companies, including those from NATO member states, have conducted similar supplies.
The sanctions could have a negative effect on Russia-US co-operation in preventing illegal supplies of counterfeit Russian-designed military hardware reaching Iraq and Afghanistan, and could also affect other prospective projects within the US-Russian commercial relations.
Being the sole state intermediary for Russia’s export deliveries of defence-related products, Rosoboronexport carries them out in strict compliance with the Russian legislation, decisions of the Government and Presidential Decrees. The Corporation also strictly adheres to the spirit and letter of the standards of international law. Thus, the imposing of the aforementioned sanctions shall be considered as an unfriendly act toward the Russian state and an attempt to destabilize Russia military and technical cooperation with other nations.
Rosoboronexport accounts for more than 90% of the Russia's annual arms sales.
Represents intellectual and production potential of Russian Defense Industrial Complex comprising of more than 1500 research institutes, design bureaus and manufacturing plants.
Has been cooperating with more than 60 countries during its 50-year history.
Has central headquarters in Moscow, representing offices in 44 foreign countries, and in 26 major industrial regions in Russia.
Basic Trade Activities
Export/import of military/dual use equipment and strategic raw materials.
Logistics and maintenance, delivery of spare parts, tools and accessories, special liquids, fuels and lubricants required for proper operation of the supplied material.
Technical assistance in construction of defense infrastructure, including arms manufacturing plants, airfields, depots, firing ranges, training centers, etc.
Delivery of material, components, and parts for licensed arms production.
Retrofits, upgrades and modernization of previously supplied weapon systems.
Training of personnel in Russia and at Customer's facilities.
Promotion of civil-purpose innovative technologies developed by the Russian defense industries.
August 8, 2006
Kremlin Warns of Strain in U.S. Ties
By Nabi Abdullaev
The Kremlin warned Monday of possible retaliation against the United States for sanctions imposed on two major companies in the Russian defense industry.
"We cannot rule out certain negative consequences for bilateral relations" between Russia and the United States, presidential administration spokesman Dmitry Peskov said Monday. "This was an unfriendly act toward Russia, and it was not done in a spirit of cooperation."
Rosoboronexport chief Sergei Chemezov suggested Monday that a proposed deal for U.S. companies to deliver up to $1 billion in Russian military hardware to Afghanistan and Iraq could be jeopardized by the sanctions, Interfax reported.
Meanwhile in Washington, U.S. trade officials said that the United States was reviewing whether to withdraw longtime trade benefits for Russia and 12 other advanced developing countries, Reuters reported.
"You should not turn a blind eye to the possible detriment to U.S. companies," Peskov said. The Kremlin spokesman declined to speculate on the motivation for the sanctions, but added that if they had come in response to Russia's recent $3 billion arms deal with Venezuela, "this would not cast the United States in a good light."